热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 265-276.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003332

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    

武汉市传销犯罪点的空间格局变化及其建成环境影响因素

宫田田1,2(), 谢双玉1,2(), 赵浩楠3   

  1. 1.华中师范大学 地理过程分析与模拟湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430079
    2.中国旅游研究院武汉分院,武汉 430079
    3.同济大学 测绘与地理信息学院,上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-27 修回日期:2020-12-21 出版日期:2021-04-27 发布日期:2021-04-27
  • 通讯作者: 谢双玉 E-mail:wzsgtt111@163.com;xieshuangyu@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:宫田田(1996—),女,黑龙江佳木斯人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为犯罪地理、旅游地理,(E-mail)wzsgtt111@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金(19YJA840018)

The Spatial Pattern Changes of Pyramid Selling Crime Sites in Wuhan City and the Factors Influencing the Built Environment

Tiantian Gong1,2(), Shuangyu Xie1,2(), Haonan Zhao3   

  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation of Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2.Wuhan Branch of China Tourism Academy, Wuhan 430079, China
    3.College of Surveying and Geo-Informatics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2020-10-27 Revised:2020-12-21 Online:2021-04-27 Published:2021-04-27
  • Contact: Shuangyu Xie E-mail:wzsgtt111@163.com;xieshuangyu@mail.ccnu.edu.cn

摘要:

基于中国裁判文书网的传销犯罪数据及与城市建成环境相关的POI数据,以传销高发城市武汉市为例,采用最近邻指数法、核密度估计法和地理探测器对武汉市2012—2019年传销犯罪点的空间格局变化及其建成环境影响因素进行研究。结果发现:1)武汉市传销犯罪在空间上集聚分布,呈现“市中心聚集”和“多中心”的特点,形成了东西湖区、黄陂区及洪山区3个明显的犯罪高发区;2)2012—2019年武汉市传销犯罪的集中区从前期的数量较少且不断转移转变为后期的数量较多且相对稳定的态势,稳定集中于城乡结合部的交通枢纽、商业中心或高校周边人流较大且较复杂的地方,而且具有随着城市的扩张由市中心向外围迁移的趋势;3)武汉市传销犯罪点空间格局的形成是多重因素综合作用的结果,尤其与体育休闲、购物卖场、公司企业、商务住宅等建成环境要素的分布高度相关。最后提出武汉市传销整治工作有效开展的对策建议。

关键词: 传销犯罪点, 建成环境, 空间格局, 城市功能设施, 武汉市

Abstract:

In the past ten years, public-related economic crimes have shown an explosive and blowout development trend along with the rapid development of the financial market. A Pyramid Selling Crime (PSC) is a public-related economic crime and a social problem that needs to be solved urgently. PSC includes a strong spatial decision-making process. Whether its spatial distribution is related to specifically built environmental elements is a typical geographic issue and is worthy of being included in the study of criminal geography. However, research on PSC is relatively scarce, and more analyses of its causes, methods, and legal issues are needed. There is little research on the temporal and spatial pattern evolution and its influencing factors from a geographical perspective. This study took Wuhan city as an example and was based on the PSC data of the China Judgment Document Network and the Point of Interest (POI) data related to the urban built environment. The nearest neighbor index method and nuclear density estimation method were used to study the changes in the spatial patterns of PSC sites in Wuhan from 2012 to 2019. Thereafter, the geographic detector method was used to analyze the built environment factors influencing the distribution of PSC sites to grasp the temporal and spatial laws of Wuhan PSC sites and their relationship with the built environment. In addition, this method provided a reference for the efficient prevention and control of PSC in Wuhan. The results were as follows: 1) PSCs in Wuhan were concentrated and distributed spatially presenting a characteristic concentration in the city center and having three centers in Dongxihu District, Huangpi District, and Hongshan District. These centers were mainly urban commercial centers, transportation hubs, urban villages, and urban-rural junctions, which are basically similar to the distribution characteristics of high-risk areas of robbery, snatch and theft crime in Wuhan. PSCs had the same characteristics as general crimes and conformed to the "law of concentration of crimes." However, the spatial distribution of PSCs also had its particularity. For example, PSCs included places associated with science, education, culture, financial insurance, etc., showing a trend of high-quality and high-yield. 2) During the 2012-2019 period, the distribution of PSC sites in Wuhan changed from a small number and constant change in the early stage to a large number and relative stability in the later stage, stably concentrating in transportation hubs, commercial centers, or universities surrounding suburban areas where there is a large flow of people and a complex social environment. At the same time, with the expansion of the city, PSC presented a trend of moving from the city center to periphery areas. The urban-rural fringe area also became a high incidence area of PSC. 3) The spatial pattern of PSC sites in Wuhan correlated with multiple built environmental factors, especially the facilities of sports and leisure, shopping malls, companies and enterprises, and commercial residences. The interaction and influence among the various facility factors were greater and more significant, indicating that the formation of the spatial pattern of PSC sites in Wuhan was the result of the combined effects of multiple factors. Based on these conclusions, some suggestions and measures were proposed for Wuhan to effectively prevent PSC.

Key words: pyramid selling crime sites, built environment, spatial distribution, city function facilities, Wuhan City

中图分类号: 

  • D917.3