热带地理 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 1-15.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003418

• •    下一篇

30年来中国遗产研究的地理学科贡献

曾娟1(), 刘原希1, 林琳1,2(), 熊诗琴1   

  1. 1.中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2.广州新华学院 资源与城乡规划系,广州 510520
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-25 修回日期:2021-11-07 出版日期:2022-01-05 发布日期:2021-12-30
  • 通讯作者: 林琳 E-mail:zengjuan@mail.sysu.edu.cn;eeslinl@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:曾娟(1979—),女,湖南娄底人,副教授,博士生导师,研究方向为建筑遗产保护、岭南近代建筑、地域景观文化,(E-mail)zengjuan@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51978675);教育部人文社科项目(18YJCZH006);中华全国归国华侨联合会课题(17BZQK216)

Geographical Contributions and Prospects of Chinese Heritage Studies in the Past 30 Years

Juan Zeng1(), Yuanxi Liu1, Lin Lin1,2(), Shiqin Xiong1   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2.Department of Resources and the Urban Planning, Guangzhou Xinhua University, Guangzhou 510520, China
  • Received:2021-08-25 Revised:2021-11-07 Online:2022-01-05 Published:2021-12-30
  • Contact: Lin Lin E-mail:zengjuan@mail.sysu.edu.cn;eeslinl@mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要:

为厘清地理学在遗产研究领域的具体贡献,基于CNKI、CSSCI、WOS等数据库,运用知识图谱工具,对1990—2020年1 172篇地理学科相关文献进行梳理。发现:1)地理学关于中国遗产的研究阶段性特征明显。自2005年文献数量快速增长,并在近10年出现3次高峰。发文量呈“之”字型发展态势,关键词呈“橄榄型”发展特征。地理学科30年遗产研究经历了以“世界遗产”研究为主的起步阶段(1990—2004年),以“农业遗产”等众多主题展开的多元探索阶段(2005—2012年),注重实践和理论的深耕阶段 (2013—2020年)。2)学者合作网络呈“小集聚、大分散”格局。即以数量众多独立学者为基底,合著作者小群零星分布,并出现一个规模较大、联系紧密的大聚集群体,其核心作者发文数首位度高。3)文化遗产研究在数量上占据优势;内容主要涉及农业文化遗产、非物质文化遗产、世界遗产等六大板块;农业遗产研究处于国际前沿,热点聚焦于乡村与农业文化遗产。4)对198篇高引用论文分析得出,已有研究表现出强调现实与实践导向、侧重主客体关系、重视空间分析等特点。未来地理学科应巩固农业遗产研究前沿地位,促进理论输出,并在建构遗产研究学术共同体,拓展遗产研究多视角等方面做出更多努力。

关键词: 世界遗产, 非物质文化遗产, 农业文化遗产, 遗产保护, 地理学科贡献, 知识图谱

Abstract:

In the past 30 years, the study of Chinese heritage at home and abroad has gradually increased. Influenced by Western heritage research, Chinese heritage research has been developed and conducted independently, forming a huge interdisciplinary heritage research system with unique Chinese academic characteristics. Among them, architecture has led to the evaluation, repair, and activation of heritage material carriers. Sociology has focused on the excavation and construction of heritage history and cultural value. Archaeology has continued to promote heritage archaeology and interpretation. Geography, with its comprehensive vision, has made abundant achievements and become increasingly important, but its research context is rather vague. Therefore, to clarify the specific geographical contribution in the field of heritage research, this study, based on CNKI, CSSCI, WOS, and other databases, uses the knowledge graph tool to sort 1,172 geographical papers from 1990 to 2020. The contributions of this study are as follows: The first concerns obvious stage characteristics. The number of studies has increased rapidly since 2005, peaking thrice in the last decade. The number of articles presented a "zigzag" type development trend, and keywords showed olive type development characteristics. The research has experienced the initial stage of "World Heritage" (1990-2004), the multi-exploration stage of "intangible cultural Heritage", "agricultural heritage" and many other topics (2005-2012), and the in-depth research stage focusing on practice and theory (2013-2020). Second, the cooperation network of scholars presents a "small agglomeration and large dispersion" pattern. This includes a large number of independent scholars, small coauthors scattered sporadically, and a closely linked aggregation group in which the core authors have a high primacy ratio. Third, cultural heritage research is the largest in quantity. The content involves agricultural cultural heritage, intangible cultural heritage, world heritage, and other sections. Agricultural heritage research is at the forefront of the international and becomes hotspots in geographical heritage research, with the literature focusing on the impact of ecologically sustainable environmental change and tourism development and utilization, and gradually expanding its scope to include the origin of the evolution of agricultural, landscape, economic and cultural value research. Based on the analysis of 198 papers with a high citation rate, this study shows the geographical research characteristics of emphasizing the orientation of reality and practice, focusing on the relationship between subject and object, and attaching importance to spatial analysis. In the future, geography should make more contributions to consolidate the leading position of agricultural heritage research, promote theoretical output, build the heritage research academic community, and expand the multi-perspective of heritage research.

Key words: world heritage, intangible cultural heritage, agricultural heritage, heritage protection, geographical contributions, knowledge graph

中图分类号: 

  • G122