热带地理 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 78-86.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003425

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空间生产视角下的传统村落空间转型过程、特征与机制——以黄山市卖花渔村为例

陈晓华a,b(), 黄永燕a,b(), 王锈贤a,b   

  1. a.安徽建筑大学,建筑与规划学院,合肥 230022
    b.安徽建筑大学,安徽省城镇化发展研究中心,合肥 230022
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-10 修回日期:2021-12-02 出版日期:2022-01-05 发布日期:2021-12-30
  • 通讯作者: 黄永燕 E-mail:xhchen920@163.com;2979481161@qq.com
  • 作者简介:陈晓华(1964—),男,安徽贵池人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为城乡发展历史与遗产保护规划,(E-mail)xhchen920@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51778002);安徽省高校省级自然科学重点研究项目(KJ2020A0459)

Process, Characteristics and Mechanism of Spatial Transformation in Traditional Villages from the Perspective of Spatial Production: A Case Study of Maihuayucun Village in Huangshan City

Xiaohua Chena,b(), Yongyan Huanga,b(), Xiuxian Wanga,b   

  1. a.School of Architecture & Planning, Anhui Province, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230022, China
    b.Research Center of Urbanization Development in, Anhui Province, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230022, China
  • Received:2021-09-10 Revised:2021-12-02 Online:2022-01-05 Published:2021-12-30
  • Contact: Yongyan Huang E-mail:xhchen920@163.com;2979481161@qq.com

摘要:

基于空间生产的“三元辩证法”视角,以黄山市歙县卖花渔村为例,从物质空间、社会空间和制度空间3个维度分析传统村落空间转型过程、特征及驱动机制。结果表明:1)改革开放以来卖花渔村空间转型经历了内生性缓慢转型发展、外源性空间快速扩展、有序化空间品质提升3个阶段。2)随着盆景产业复兴和乡村旅游业兴起,传统村落物质空间分化重塑、社会空间解体重构、制度空间日趋完善,呈现出空间功能复合化、社会关系开放化、空间主体多元化的空间转型特征。3)在社会关系变迁、资本投入、权力干预等共同作用下,社会空间、物质空间及制度空间互动演进,共同推动了传统村落空间转型过程。

关键词: 传统村落, 空间转型, 空间生产, 卖花渔村

Abstract:

Traditional villages are the best witness of the process of agriculture civilization, with rich material and intangible culture heritage. However, under the influence of rapid urbanization, industrialization and globalization, the development of traditional villages is faced with dilemmas such as the decline of material space, the inactivation of cultural space and the hollowing of social space. Scientifically guiding the function renewal and spatial adaptive transformation of traditional villages is not only the practical needs of their protection and development, but also an important topic of rural development and planning research in China. Taking the national traditional village Maihuayucun Village in Huangshan City as an example, on the basis of field investigation, combined with the relevant literature review, and based on the perspective of "ternary dialectics" of space production, this paper analyzes the spatial transformation process, characteristics and driving mechanism of traditional villages from the three dimensions of material space, social space and institutional space. The results show that: (1) Since the reform and opening up, Maihuayucun Village has gradually evolved from a traditional agricultural village to an industrial village characterized with bonsai industry, which has experienced three stages: endogenous slow transformation and development, exogenous space rapid expansion and orderly space quality improvement. (2) The spatial transformation of traditional villages is characterized by the functional differentiation and remodeling of material space, the disintegration and reconstruction of social space, and the gradual improvement of institutional space. The space function has gradually changed from the traditional production and living function to multiple composite functions such as ecological leisure, characteristic bonsai planting, commercial operation and service, and cultural inheritance and display. The livelihood of villagers has been diversified, from the traditional single agricultural planting industry to the diversified livelihood methods such as bonsai management, farmhouse entertainment, and tourism services, and the social relations have changed from closed tradition to open and modern. And the subject of institutional space has changed from the dual subject of village committee and villagers to the multiple subject of government, village committee, villagers, capital and tourists. (3) The changes of social relations, capital investment and power intervention are the main driving forces for the spatial production of Maihuayucun Village. The three forces interact and promote the interactive evolution of social space, material space and institutional space, and jointly promote the spatial transformation. With the disintegration of traditional agricultural economy and the growth of bonsai industry, the growing demand for production and residence of villagers has promoted the continuous expansion and transformation of village material space. Driven by bonsai industry and rural tourism, the exogenous construction of villages has developed rapidly, and the support of a large amount of external capital has provided a strong driving force for the spatial transformation of villages. A series of rural development policies and measures issued by the state, especially the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, provide strategic guidance and policy guarantee for the protection, development and spatial transformation of traditional villages. In the context of rural revitalization and integrated rural and urban development in the new era, and the increasingly complex relationship between man and land in rural areas, it is particularly important to explore the differentiated and distinctive path of China's rural transformation and development. And the research on the temporal and spatial characteristics and mechanism of rural spatial transformation of different types and different spatial scales needs to be further broken through. This paper can provide reference for relevant researches in terms of research perspective, research ideas and research spatial scale, and provide guidance for the protection, development and planning of traditional villages

Key words: traditional village, spatial transformation, spatial production, Maihuayucun Village

中图分类号: 

  • C912.82