热带地理 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (4): 567-578.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003456

• 社会文化地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于场域理论的后单位社区空间生产研究——以徐矿社区为例

操小晋1(), 朱喜钢1(), 余思奇2, 邓元媛3   

  1. 1.南京大学 建筑与城市规划学院, 南京 210093
    2.南京林业大学 风景园林学院, 南京 210037
    3.中国矿业大学 建筑与设计学院, 江苏 徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-11 修回日期:2021-06-21 出版日期:2022-04-05 发布日期:2022-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 朱喜钢 E-mail:caoxiaoj225@ 163.com;zhuxigang522@hotmail.com
  • 作者简介:操小晋(1996—),男,安徽黄山人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为社区治理、城市住房与社会空间,(E-mail)caoxiaoj225@ 163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重点项目(17ASH003);教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目(16YJCZH011)

Spatial Production of Post-Unit Community Based on Field Theory: A Case Study of the Xukuang Community

Xiaojin Cao1(), Xigang Zhu1(), Siqi Yu2, Yuanyuan Deng3   

  1. 1.School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2.The College of Landscape Architecture, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
    3.School of Architecture and Design, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
  • Received:2021-05-11 Revised:2021-06-21 Online:2022-04-05 Published:2022-04-25
  • Contact: Xigang Zhu E-mail:caoxiaoj225@ 163.com;zhuxigang522@hotmail.com

摘要:

后单位时代社区公共性的式微是经济制度转型的社会特征,探究后单位社区的空间演变机制对可持续社区治理具有参考意义。文章桥接列斐伏尔的三元空间结构和布迪厄的4种资本类型,建立基于场域理论实践观上的空间生产研究框架。并以徐矿社区为案例,运用参与式观察和深度访谈的质性方法,分析从“一元连续型网络结构”到“多元离散型团体结构”的多维空间生产过程。结果表明:1)单位到后单位社区转型的空间生产差异机制一方面由单位制向社区制转型的制度变化所形塑,另一方面受现代性的自由流动和管制结构的调整等因素影响。2)后单位社区行动者在居民构成和权力关系的重组中调适惯习,在争夺社区资本的过程中,伴随制度空间的重构、物质空间的改造、社会空间的异化和主体意识的觉醒。3)以居委会为代言的政府话语在空间实践中采取规训策略构建理想的社区空间,与潜在的居民抵抗形成彼此连接但不融通的整体关系。4)后单位社区的空间生产主要由老旧小区改造的地方政策响应、空间生产中的权力博弈与倾斜、单位路径依赖累积与动能缺失、以及现代性流动下的熟人社会松动4种动力驱使。制定以居民为核心的治理目标与对策,促进社区权力的共同享有是未来可持续社区治理的重要导向。

关键词: 场域理论, 三元空间辩证法, 后单位社区, 空间生产, 社区治理, 徐州

Abstract:

The decline of community publicity in the post-unit era is the social feature of economic system transformation. Exploring the spatial evolution mechanism of post-unit community is of great significance to sustainable community governance. By bridging Lefebvre's ternary spatial structure and Bourdieu's four capital types, a research framework of space production is established based on field theory and practice. Taking Xukuang community as a typical case, the qualitative research methods of participatory observation and in-depth interview are used to analyze the multidimensional spatial production process from "unitary continuous network structure" to "multiple discrete group structure". The research shows that: 1) The spatial production difference mechanism of unit to post-unit community transformation is shaped by the institutional change from unit system to community system, on the other hand, it is affected by the factors such as the free flow of modernity and the adjustment of regulatory structure. 2) Post-unit community actors adjust their habits in the reorganization of residents' composition and power relations. The process of competing for community capital is accompanied by the reconstruction of institutional space, the transformation of material space, the alienation of social space and the awakening of subject consciousness. 3) The government discourse represented by the neighborhood committee adopts the discipline strategy to build an ideal community space in the space practice, and forms a connected but not integrated overall relationship with potential residents' resistance. Especially when the production of capital and power touches the boundary of the subject or the emergence of individual critical subject, it often leads to new space struggle, habit adjustment and the direction change of space practice. 4) The space production of post-unit community is jointly driven by the subject of right discourse and the subject of daily life. The promulgation and response of the old community transformation policy from the state to the local construct the expected vision of community governance from the macro level. The power game and inclination of actors mean the sinking and implimentation of the production strategy of the government power subject at the meso level. Under the background of the accumulation of unit path dependence, modernization and aging, the post-unit community as the undertaker encounters the lack of kinetic energy at the micro level, the deconstruction of acquaintance society and the reconstruction of stranger society, and the realistic context contrary to the concept of multiple governance produced by the top-down strong power transmission and the bottom-up weak residents' feedback. The research integrates the concepts of field capital and habitus into the ternary dialectical structure of space production, and the in-depth theoretical integration makes up for the cognitive limitations of the single theoretical perspective. It expands new ideas for the in-depth understanding of the spatial evolution and subject relationship of the old community represented by the post-unit community. And the consideration of people's subjective initiative and social culture to a certain extent broadens the logic of space production in the general sense, which is also a supplement to the existing literature on community governance. Finally, it is an important direction for future community governance to formulate governance goals and countermeasures with residents as the core and promote the common enjoyment of community power.

Key words: field theory, trialectics of spatiality, post-unit community, spatial production, community governance, Xuzhou

中图分类号: 

  • D669.3