›› 1987, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (2): 163-169.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

昆明城市发展所面临的生态问题

赫维人   

  1. 云南师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1987-04-30 发布日期:1987-04-30

THE ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF THE URBAN DEVOLOPMENT IN KUNMING

He Weiren   

  1. Department of Geography, Yunnan Normal University
  • Online:1987-04-30 Published:1987-04-30

摘要: 昆明座落于滇池湖畔,依山傍水,景色秀丽,气候宜人,素有“春城”之誉,是我国著名的旅游胜地和历史文化名城。近30多年来,昆明城市发展很快,人口已逾百万,经济产值约占全省的1/3,是全省规模最大的城市,也是最重要的政治、经济、文化中心和交通枢纽。随着社会经济的发展和人口剧增,城市的社会环境与自然环境之间产生了许多尖锐的矛盾,出现了一些严重的生态问题,影响着城市的发展。这些问题,既有一般城市发展中不可避免的共性问题,也有在特定地理条件下产生的特殊问题。

Abstract: Many ecological problems become obvious in Kunming City due to the incongruousness between the rapid development of its urban economy and physical environment.Among these problems the following four are most important:1.Shortage of the land needed for the urban development;2.Shortage of water resource.The available amount of water cannot meet the requirement of the urban development;3.Pollution of the urban environment,especially pollution of water;4.Degeneration of the forest on the mountains around Kunming.These problems have had a serious effect on urban development.To overcome these problems,an overall plan should be made which can be used to control and adjust the development of urbanization in Kunming.