›› 1987, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (3): 260-267.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

大洋洲的热带经济作物

王建堂   

  1. 河南大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1987-07-30 发布日期:1987-07-30

TROPICAL ECONOMIC CROPS IN OCEANIA

Wang Jiantang   

  1. Henan University
  • Online:1987-07-30 Published:1987-07-30

摘要: 大洋洲是世界上新的热带经济作物产区,也是热作发展最快的一洲.主要作物有甘蔗、椰子、咖啡、可可、油棕等.作物商品率高,产品主要供出口.一、发展热带经济作物的条件 1.自然条件大洋洲热作分布于南纬5°00'~23°30的广大地区,大部分为热带.终年高温多雨,年均温26~28℃,最高月均温(1月或2月)27~34℃,最低月均温(7月或8月)14~25℃.

Abstract: All the 11 oceanic countries except New Zealand are situated in the tropics & subtropics.High tempreture & rich rainfall are beneficial to the growth of tropical crops in the Northeast District of Australia and in all other developing oceanic countries(DOC).Comparing with these courtries in Asia,Africa Central&South America As a production region of tropical-economic-crops(TEC),Oceania is exploited most recently and developed most rapidly.due to the effects of human activities.Sugar-cane,coconut,coffer,cocoa & oil palm are the main TEC in Occania.