热带地理 ›› 1994, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (2): 133-142.

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广州市人口结构的空间分布特征分析

郑静1, 许学强2, 陈浩光2   

  1. 1. 广州市城市规划院 510060;
    2. 中山大学
  • 收稿日期:1993-10-01 出版日期:1994-04-29 发布日期:1994-04-29

AN ANALYSIS ON THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION FEATURES OF POPULATION STRUCTURE IN GUANGZHOU CITY

Zheng Jing1, Xu Xueqiang2, Chen Haoguang2   

  1. 1. Guangzhou City Planning, Design Survey Institute, 510060;
    2. Zhongshan University, 510275
  • Received:1993-10-01 Online:1994-04-29 Published:1994-04-29

摘要:

本文利用1990年人口普查数据讨论广州91个街道区在人口密度与增长、职业结构、教育水平、年龄结构、性别比、少数民族等几个方面的空间形态.结果表明广州人口结构的空间分布极不平衡,并呈现出同心环型、阶梯型、中心型、对角型、随机分布型等多种空间形态,造成这些空间分布形态的原因主要是自然历史背景、城市功能布局、产业结构及城市规划.

关键词: 人口结构, 空间分布, 广州市

Abstract:

Based on the census data of 1991,the population structure in 91 blocks of Guangzhou and their characteristics on space distribution are discussed.Compered with that in 1982,the basic characteristics on space changes are indicated.1) The urban population density is variously high.In central part of the city,31.35% of the people live in 6.7% of the area.In spite of the situation like this,the density of the central part tends to decrease, but that of the marginal districts tends to increase.Additionally, the increasing speed of population in the central pert is lower than that in the marginal ones.2)The population average age in the central pet is larger than that in the marginal.The communities of Core Family appear in the newly-built residential parts around the city border.From the structure of reseneration ages,the percentages of age from 0 to 14, from 15 to 49 and over 50 in central part are 16.1%, 59.4% and 24.5%,respectively.But those in the marginal districts are 14.9%,68.2% and 16.8%.In Guangzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone which rose in recent years, the Percentase of young people is above 90%.3)The sex ratio varies greatly(95.63-274.03).The further it is away from the central part, the higher the sex ratio is.This relates to the difference of occupation's space distribution, age structure and historical male immigrants.4)The distribution of occupation smicture matches the industrial structure.The 3rd industrial area is located at the northeast.The fixture of the 1st and 2nd stand at southwest.In the middle, the mixture of the 2nd and 3rd industries.5)The average education level is 9.35 years.It is high in the east, low in the west.This matches the space structure of occupation types.6) Muslin, Zhuang, Man are the main minority nationalities.Their percentages to the total population are 0.21%, 0.13% and 0.13% respectively.Although their population is small, their space distributions are relatively concentrated with lucrative businesses.General speaking, the space distribution of population structure is quite disbalanced.It is the combinative consequence of natural and historic background,city functions arrangment,industrial structure and urban planning.

Key words: Guangzhou, Population structure, Spatial Distribution