热带地理 ›› 2012, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (5): 568-574.

• 论文 • 上一篇    

广东省旅游-经济-生态环境耦合协调发展分析

钟 霞,刘毅华*   

  1. (广州大学 地理科学学院,广州 510006)
  • 出版日期:2012-11-30 发布日期:2012-11-30
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(40771003);国家自然科学基金青年基金(41001048;41101078)

Coupled Coordination Degree of Tourism-Economy-Ecological System in Guangdong Province

ZHONG Xia,LIU Yihua   

  • Online:2012-11-30 Published:2012-11-30

摘要: 依据2001―2010年广东省旅游、经济、环境方面的数据,构建旅游-经济-生态环境评价指标体系,借助SPSS和GIS软件,利用主成分分析法和物理学中耦合协调度函数建模法,对广东省21市的旅游-经济-生态环境的耦合协调度进行了定量分析。结果表明:21市的耦合协调度在不断提高,平均耦合协调度由2001年的濒临失调提升到了2010年的勉强协调水平;但各市旅游、经济、环境3个子系统的发展程度各异,省内不同城市的耦合协调度水平也存在一定差距,且这种差距有扩大的趋势;珠三角地区发展的起点高、速度快,而粤北山区和两翼地区始终都处于比较落后的状态:2001年广州、深圳的耦合协调度得分分别为0.65、0.67,处于初级协调阶段;揭阳、云浮得分为0.29、0.33,分别为中度失调水平和轻度失调水平。到2010年,广州、深圳的耦合协调度达到了良好协调的水平,而揭阳、云浮的耦合协调度仍处于较低的水平。

关键词: 旅游-经济-生态环境, 耦合协调度, 广东省

Abstract: This paper structures a set of indexes for tourism-economic-ecological system according to the data of tourism, economy and environment in Guangdong from 2001 to 2010, and analyzes the coupled coordination degree of the system among 21 cities in Guangdong Province with the help of SPSS and GIS softwares and by using principal component analysis and coupled coordination function modeling method in physics.The results show that the coupled coordination degree of those 21 cities was constantly improving, The average coupled coordination degree was 0.41 in 2001 and 0.54 in 2010. But there were many differences in development of tourism, economy and environment in different cities, the levels of the coupled coordination degree in the 21 cities existed some gaps, and those gaps had an expanding trend. In 2001, the coupled coordination degree of Guangzhou was 0.65 , Shenzhen 0.67,Jieyang 0.29, and Yunfu 0.33. In 2010, the coupled coordination degree of both Guangzhou and Shenzhen was 0.83, but that of Jieyang and Yunfu still very low. Inharmonious development would become the soft spot to improve the competitiveness of Guangdong and those cities in the future.

Key words: tourism-economy-ecological system, coupled coordination degree, Guangdong Province