• 综述 •

### 中国城市化与生态环境系统耦合研究进展

1. （武汉大学 资源与环境科学学院//武汉大学地理信息系统教育部重点实验室，武汉 430079）
• 出版日期:2014-03-31 发布日期:2014-03-31
• 作者简介:罗媞（1978―），女，湖北天门人，讲师，博士研究生，主要从事土地利用规划、城市环境分析的研究与教学工作，（E-mail）ltmmadd@163.com。
• 基金资助:

国家“十二五”科技支撑项目（2012BAJ22B02）

### System Coupling between Urbanization and Eco-Environment: Research Progress in China

LUO Ti，LIU Yanfang，KONG Xuesong

1. （School of Resource and Environmental Science，Wuhan University//Key Laboratory of Geographic Information System，Ministry of Education，Wuhan University，Wuhan 430079，China）
• Online:2014-03-31 Published:2014-03-31

Abstract:

The correlation and interaction between urbanization and ecological environment changing, is geared to the important topic of the comprehensive research for the sustainable development of human and natural process. Based on the theory of system coupling, this paper regards the collection of various urban cultural elements with the characteristics of urbanization and the collection of all kinds of natural elements of the ecological environment as two systems which are independent but influence each other, and summarizes recent progress in the relationship between urbanization and eco-environment change from the perspective of theory and methodology respectively. Chinese scholars not only analyze the system coupling relationship and evolution rule between urbanization and eco-environment change, and evaluate the coupling mechanism of inter-elements and inter-system quantitatively, but also put forward approach to realize the coordination between urbanization and eco-environment. Overall speaking, the contents of domestic researches show the multi-dimensional characteristics in the contained factors and the involved subjects. The diversification methods, especially the “3S” technology and multiple quantitative analytical methods are used to obtain the statistics and analysis data effectively, to reveal the mutual influence of urbanization and ecological environment change, and to predict the evolution trend of the future. The research objects show regional features obviously. The developed areas and the areas with fragile eco-environment are always the research focuses. The peri-urban areas are being paid more and more attention. Some researches focus on the eco-environmental influence of the urbanization of many rural areas. But the theoretical and methodology basis has been weak relatively because these researches still stay at groping stage. At the same time, the lack of quantitative evaluation index system and the hysteresis passivity of relevant researches will block the research progress. In the future, the coupling theory of urbanization and ecological environment system framework and method system, the index system of observation and evaluation, the warning mechanism, and the urban ecological space expansion and optimization methods will be the main research directions. In addition, the exchanges and cooperation of different subjects should be strengthened, to provide more solid foundation for the research of urbanization and eco-environment system coupling.