热带地理 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 880-888.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

文学地理学视野下香港文化认同

张铃钰1, 叶浩威2a, 安宁2()   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学 地理科学学院,广州 510631
    2. a. 广州大学 地理科学学院//华南人文地理与城市发展研究中心;b.广东省城市与移民研究中心,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-30 修回日期:2019-10-23 出版日期:2019-11-10 发布日期:2019-12-26
  • 通讯作者: 安宁 E-mail:anning@gzhu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张铃钰(1996—),女,广东梅州人,硕士研究生,主要从事文化地理研究,(E-mail)evangechole@163.com;
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701149);国家自然科学基金项目(41630635);广州市哲学社会科学发展“十三五”规划课题(2019GZYB82)

Hong Kong’s Cultural Identity from a Literary Geography Perspective

Zhang Lingyu1, Ye Haowei2a, An Ning2()   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. a. Center for Human Geography and Urban Development, School of Geographical Sciences; b. Guangdong Provincial Research Institute for Urban and Migration Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2019-08-30 Revised:2019-10-23 Online:2019-11-10 Published:2019-12-26
  • Contact: An Ning E-mail:anning@gzhu.edu.cn

摘要:

通过文本分析和档案分析的方法,立足文学地理学分析框架和研究范式,分析了香港70年代、过渡时期、后殖民时期三部文学界热门且公认具代表性的作品——《我城》《烦恼娃娃的旅程》和《后殖民食物与爱情》,解构了作品中“本土”“国家”和“全球”3个空间维度下再现的地理物象、空间想象、人物活动、地方文化,窥探其内部隐含的文化认同与身份意识问题。结果发现,由于香港社会历史和文化背景不断变迁等原因,香港的文化和身份意识处于不断重塑的状态。通过文本分析,发现香港文学作品中最早萌芽的是“本土”意识。西西的《我城》被认为是本土意识的发轫之作,其在港英政府和回不去的家这一夹缝中在“城”这一空间尺度上勾勒出浓浓的地方意识。其次,在中国恢复行使香港主权这一背景下,《烦恼娃娃的旅程》这一极具回归题材代表性的作品深刻地刻画了香港人在身份认同尺度升级过程中的迷惘。最后,也斯的《后殖民食物与爱情》通过“食物”为线索讲述了回归后的香港故事,为读者认识后殖民时期多元文化混杂下的香港社会提供了细致的观察。通过对三部文学作品的分析,发现港人经历了由殖民统治时期本土身份意识的觉醒以及对中国文化的归属,到回归过渡阶段身份意识的尺度升级及其不适,再到回归后多元文化的交织和协商,不仅在尺度上实现了由地方到国家再到全球化的身份意识塑造,而且在结构上存在中华文化、西方文化和香港本土文化不断协商与冲突的三重性。更为重要的是,通过文学地理视角的讨论,发现这样的文化和身份意识不是属于某个群体的特有特征,而是根植于香港社会的每一寸肌肤,不仅反映了小说作者对香港社会的细致观察,在一定程度上也反映了社会本身所面临的文化和身份困扰。

关键词: 文化认同, 身份意识, 香港, 文学地理学, 文本分析

Abstract:

Based on textual and archive analysis methods and a literary geography analytical framework and research paradigm, this study analyzed the three most popular and widely recognized literary works during the 1970s and transitional and post-colonial periods in Hong Kong. The geographical and spatial imaginations, character activities, and local culture reproduced in the three spatial dimensions of “local,” “national,” and “global” were deconstructed. In addition, the hidden cultural identity and identity consciousness behind the three works was investigated. The study found that because of constant changes in Hong Kong’s social history and cultural background, its cultural identity and identity consciousness is constantly being reshaped. Through textual analysis, we found that the earliest budding of cultural and spatial identity in Hong Kong literature is local consciousness. Xixi’s literary work “My City” is considered the initial work on local consciousness, which outlines a strong local consciousness, at the spatial scale, of a “city” in the gap between the British Hong Kong government and the home that cannot be returned. Second, in the context of China's recognition of Hong Kong’s sovereignty, the literary work “Revolving Doll’s Journey”, a representative work on the return theme, profoundly portrays the identity confusion among the people of Hong Kong during the process of upscaling their identity. Finally, Yesi’s literary work “Post-colonial Food and Love”, which tells the story of Hong Kong after the return through food as a storyline, provides the audience a detailed observation of Hong Kong society under a mixed post-colonial culture. Through an analysis of these three literary works, we found that Hong Kong realized an awakening of local identity consciousness during colonial rule and a sense of belonging to Chinese culture, discomfort with the upscale in identity consciousness during the transitional stage, and multiculturalism after the return. This progression not only achieved an upscaling of identity from local to national, and then to globalization, but also created a three-fold cultural identity with continuous negotiation and conflict among Chinese, Western, and local cultures in Hong Kong. Notably, Hong Kong’s cultural identity is not a linear development process from local to national to globalization, but, in contrast, it is in constant change and negotiation among the three elements whose emphasis is different during each historical period from the 1970s to 1980s. In addition, the cultural identity of these levels is neither completely exclusive nor mutually consistent. There is the possibility of both conflict and collusion. Most importantly, through discussion based on literary geography, we found that such cultural identity and identity consciousness not only belongs to a certain group but is also present throughout Hong Kong society. This result not only reflects the novel authors’ observations on Hong Kong society, but to some extent also the cultural identity and identity problems faced by society.

Key words: cultural identity, identity consciousness, Hong Kong, literary geography, text analysis

中图分类号: 

  • K901.6