›› 1986, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 170-182.

• 特区地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

香港海港的发展

朱剑如1, 赵子能2   

  1. 1. 香港中文大学地理系;
    2. 香港大学地理地质系
  • 出版日期:1986-04-30 发布日期:1986-04-30

LAISSEZ FAIREISM AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PORT OF HONG KONG(XIANGGANG)

David K. Y. CHU1, T. N. CHIU2   

  1. 1. The Chinese University of Hong Kong;
    2. University of Hong Kong
  • Online:1986-04-30 Published:1986-04-30

摘要: 英国在1841年强占香港时,曾反复强调所以占领香港岛是由于外交、军事和贸易方面的紧张.当然,贸易才是真正的目的,而前两者只是实现目的的手段.当时香港还是个只有一些渔村的小岛,香港的价值并不在于它拥有的财富,而在于它很可能成为一个自由港.香港的转口贸易从1841年开始发展,经济交往沿中国海岸迅速扩张.兴建自由港,没有外贸限制,没有海关关税,同时允许私人自由支配私有的码头及船坞设施,这一切都是转口贸易发展前提条件.所有这一切也都符合英国殖民主义政府以及商人的利益.

Abstract: The paper outlines the salient features of the development of the port of Hong Kong(Xianggang),especially in the lights of its external relationships,its morphology and its management.It is argued that laissez faireism,the governing ideology of Hong Kong has profound impacts on the shape and process of its development and it is also the main attribute of its success,However,changing circumstances has made some kind of government intervention into the port business necessary,as exemplified by the efficiency displayed at the Public Cargo Handling Areas over that of the public waterfronts.However,in other cargo-handling ventures,such as container terminals,it will be better to leave them in the hands of private enterprises.The popularity and the speed of containery zation of }Horig Kong over Singapore in the last decade have demonstrated at least that laissez faireism and private ownership of container terminals have much to recommend and nationalization of these facilities is not necessarily a key to success.