›› 1986, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (2): 183-192.

• 热带诸国 • 上一篇    

西非最高峰——喀麦隆山植物景观的垂直分异

蔡宗夏   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1986-04-30 发布日期:1986-04-30

VERTICAL DIFFERENTIATION OF PLANT,LANDSCAPE ON MONT CAMEROON

CAI Zongxia   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1986-04-30 Published:1986-04-30

摘要: 喀麦隆山与国家同名.位于国境西部,紧逼大西洋几内亚湾海岸,顶峰法科峰(Fako)海拔4095米,是西非最高峰.山麓地带临近赤道(4°N),覆盖着热带雨林;山峰云雾笼罩,不时飘飞着雪花——喀麦隆山以其独特的热带山地景观闻名于世.1982年夏,作者曾沿东南坡,经过两天的艰难攀登,到达了这个西非之巅.这次考察,使我对热带非洲山地的自然景观,特别是植物景观的垂直分异规律,有了一个较深的印象.

Abstract: With an altitude of 4095m,Mont Cameroun is the highest peak in West Africa.The piedmont area approaches equator,hence is well known for its distinctive tropical mountaro landscape.In the summer of 1982,the author had an opportunity to conduct geographical investigations on Cameroon and climbed the summit of West Africa. The regularity of vertical differentiation of the tropical African mountain plant landscape left a deep impression on the author.