热带地理 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 48-54.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002796

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

造礁珊瑚碳、氮、硼同位素的海洋酸化指示意义

韩 韬1,余克服1,2,陶士臣1   

  1. (1.中国科学院 南海海洋研究所,广州 510301;2.广西大学 a.珊瑚礁研究中心;b.海洋学院,南宁 530004)
  • 出版日期:2016-01-05 发布日期:2016-01-05
  • 通讯作者: 余克服(1969―),男,湖北公安人,研究员,博士,主要从事珊瑚礁高分辨率环境记录及其生态响应研究,(E-mail)kefuyu@scsio.ac.cn。
  • 作者简介:韩韬(1992―),男,广东人,硕士研究生,主要从事珊瑚礁研究,(E-mail)hantao@scsio.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重大科学研究计划项目(2013CB956102);国家自然科学基金项目(41025007、91428203)

Isotopes of Carbon, Nitrogen, Boron in Reef Coral as Proxies of Ocean Acidification

HAN Tao1,YU Kefu1, 2,TAO Shichen1   

  1. (1.South China Sea Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510301,China;2.a.Coral Reef Research Center of China; b.School of Marine Sciences,Guangxi University,Nanning 530004,China)
  • Online:2016-01-05 Published:2016-01-05

摘要: 大气CO2体积分数升高导致的海洋酸化不仅会降低海水pH,还会改变其碳酸盐平衡体系,使得海水中文石饱和度(Ω)降低,相应地会降低珊瑚钙化的速率。已有研究表明:珊瑚骨骼δ13C、δ11B和δ15N具有记录Suess Effect、生物生产力、海水pH值以及营养源的能力;主要表现为:δ11B记录的pH值、δ13C记录的海水无机碳库(DIC)δ13C和生物生产力,以及δ15N记录的陆源物质输送量相结合,可用来指示受季风影响的南海“大陆架碳泵”和近海污染与海洋酸化的联系。目前关于珊瑚对海洋酸化的记录研究仍相对较少,珊瑚碳-氮-硼同位素组合的应用将会加深对于海洋酸化与气候变率和全球碳、氮循环的关系的认识,可能成为揭示海水pH值变化规律性的重要手段。

关键词: 造礁珊瑚, 海洋酸化, 碳同位素, 氮同位素, 硼同位素

Abstract: Ocean acidification, caused by the increasing atmospheric CO2 levels, has not only decreased seawater pH, but also changed the carbonate equilibrium so that the aragonite saturation state has decreased, which has lead to the decrease of calcification rates. Researches show that 13C, 11B and 15N of the coral skeleton have the capacity of recording Suess Effect, productivity, seawater pH and nutrient source. The main characteristics are: its 11B records seawater pH, 13C records sea water dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) 13C and productivity, and 15N records terrestrial input. The combination of those proxies can indicate “the shelf carbon pumping” of the South China Sea and the coastal pollution effects on ocean acidification. However, researches on records of ocean acidification in coral reefs are insufficient, our understanding of ocean acidification, climate variability and global carbon, nitrogen cycle can be deepened by the application of such combination, which may be an important tool of revealing sea water pH change regularity.

Key words: reef coral, ocean acidification, Carbon isotope, Nitrogen isotope, Boron isotope