热带地理 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 786-794.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003271

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于女性主义地理学的消费空间性别关系建构——以西安“世纪金花”购物中心为例

梁璐()   

  1. 西安外国语大学 旅游学院·人文地理研究所,西安 710128
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-08 修回日期:2020-08-13 出版日期:2020-09-28 发布日期:2020-10-10
  • 作者简介:梁璐(1975—),女,陕西富平人,副教授,博士,主要研究方向为文化地理学、旅游策划,(E-mail)415968791@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301162);陕西省社会科学基金项目(20170012)

Feminist Geography and Gender Relationships in a Consumption Space: The Case of Century Ginwa Shopping Center

Lu Liang()   

  1. Institute of Human Geography, Tourism College of Xi'an International Studies University, Xi'an 710128, China
  • Received:2020-07-08 Revised:2020-08-13 Online:2020-09-28 Published:2020-10-10

摘要:

近年来,女性主义地理学的研究内容转向身体、身份认同和象征空间等微观地理,消费空间的性别研究成为关注热点。文章基于女性主义视角,借助对典型消费空间的实证调查,考察空间性别化特征以及性别因素决定下的空间之权力隐喻关系,总结了人—地互动模式中的性别建构特征。研究发现,消费空间为女性提供了参与城市公共空间的场所,见证了女性空间权的觉醒与实践,但女性仍受男性规训与控制;现代女性在消费空间中的行为延续了传统的角色定位,公共空间参与度并未显著改变她们的性别角色和在家务上的性别化分工;消费空间再现和建构的性别关系、性别地位是一种典型的隐形歧视,女性处于实际上的不平等地位。因此,空间和性别不可分割且互为构成,两性在消费空间中的表现实质上是性别权力关系的投射,折射出这一地理空间中两性的宰控关系。

关键词: 女性主义地理学, 消费空间, 购物中心, 性别隔离, 性别差异, 性别凝视

Abstract:

Recent research on feminist geography has focused on the human body's micro-geography, identity, and symbolic space. This study primarily concerns the logic of female behavior in small-scale consumption spaces, interpreting such a space's cultural significance and social construction from a gender perspective, analyzing its symbolic significance to feminism, and exploring the power and control that result from such behavior. This study focuses on the praxis and logic of women's lives from a feminist perspective. Starting from a broad perspective of group consumption, including women's spatial perception and cultural experience, it conducts an empirical investigation into the typical attributes of this consumption space and the attributes of space, gender, and power in relationships determined by gender factors. In conclusion, the characteristics of a gender-constructed model of human-earth interaction are summarized. The study helps make good the deficiency of empirical research on small-scale consumption spaces and deepens the research on identity representation and female behavior's cultural connotations in spatial practice. The construction of the consumption space is not only the result of a general social reproduction, but is also the product of gender reproduction. Research on the consumption space from a gender perspective could generate ideas and choices for constructing and reshaping a new public space in the current urban renewal environment. Simultaneously, it is beneficial to women's social relationship status and society's harmonious development. The research results suggest that a gender-aware consumer space could provide a micro-ecosystem for women to participate in an urban setting and call to mind feminist awakening and the practice of women's rights. However, in reality, socially and culturally, women are still disciplined and controlled by males. The behavior of modern women in the consumption space follows the traditional course of role orientation. Women's activities are mainly concentrated in a consumption-driven domestic environment. Their involvement in public space does not significantly change their gender roles or the gender division of labor and their domestic responsibilities. Typical observable discriminatory gender relationships and status are constructed and reproduced in the consumption space, actively confining women to inequality. Therefore, space and gender represent an inseparable dichotomy, and consumption spaces re-enact these unequal gender power relations, reflecting the dominant and controlling relationship between men and women in geographical space.

Key words: feminist geography, consumption space, shopping center, gender segregation, gender difference, gender gaze

中图分类号: 

  • K901.6