热带地理 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 942-953.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003276

• 论文 • 上一篇    

传统产业集群“脱域”创新模式的形成及效应——以澄海玩具产业集群为例

陈笑颖1(), 杨帆1(), 王玉华2   

  1. 1.中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2.中国农业大学 水利与土木工程学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-19 修回日期:2020-04-14 出版日期:2020-09-28 发布日期:2020-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 杨帆 E-mail:1505508677@qq.com;yangfan25@ mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:陈笑颖(1995—),女,山西太原人,硕士研究生,(E-mail)1505508677@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    广东省自然科学基金项目(2018A030313276)

The Formation and Effect of Disembedding Innovation in Traditional Industrial Clusters: A Case Study of Chenghai's Toy Industrial Cluster

Xiaoying Chen1(), Fan Yang1(), Yuhua Wang2   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen Unviersity, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2.College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-12-19 Revised:2020-04-14 Online:2020-09-28 Published:2020-10-10
  • Contact: Fan Yang E-mail:1505508677@qq.com;yangfan25@ mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要:

以粤东澄海玩具产业集群为例,探讨传统产业集群“脱域”创新模式的形成及效应。研究发现,在市场需求、内部创新基础、外部创新环境、企业战略及企业家精神等因素的共同作用下,澄海玩具产业集群转型呈现设计研发与生产制造环节地域分离的“非本地化创新”,以及进军新兴产业并融合新兴产业与传统产业的“跨产业拓展创新”两种模式。这些创新实践对集群企业及地区经济带来了积极的效应,不仅整合外部创新资源并内化为自身创新优势,提升自主创新的能力,而且反哺传统玩具产业,促进地区经济的整体提升。传统产业集群的创新突破地域和原有产业边界,在更大的空间尺度和产业范围展开。

关键词: 传统产业集群, “脱域”创新, 澄海玩具产业

Abstract:

Since the reform and opening of the economy, China's coastal areas have taken the lead in establishing labor-intensive industrial clusters. These traditional industrial clusters have furthered the rapid development of the regional economy. However, due to massive global changes in the industrial structure, insufficient innovation and "low-end locking" of the value chain in these industrial clusters have become increasingly evident. Most earlier studies explored the local versus global factors in innovation and the upgrading of traditional industrial clusters from a regional perspective, suggesting that innovation in the traditional industrial clusters has a derivative and incremental character, and is embedded in local networks which produce a substantial knowledge spillover. The value added to products improves, yielding a significant competitive advantage and increasing the economic resilience of traditional industrial clusters. With new-generation information and communication technology, geographical and industrial boundaries have become blurred. Traditional industrial clusters have repeatedly presented innovation and transformation modes. More recent studies indicate that experience and knowledge from outside the industrial cluster and cross-industry innovation lead to the elevation of traditional industrial clusters to the high end of the value chain. However, in-depth analyses on the mechanisms and effects of these disembeddeding forces are relatively few. Using Chenghai's toy industrial cluster in Eastern Guangdong as an example, this paper reflects on the formation and effects of the mode of disembedding innovation in traditional industrial clusters. It is found that under the joint actions of market demand, localized innovation networks, external innovation resources, enterprise strategy, and entrepreneurship, the transformation of Chenghai's toy industrial cluster presents two modes. The first is the "non-localized innovation" mode, manifested in the separation between R&D and manufacturing functions. The second is the "cross-industry expansion and innovation" mode manifested in the development of emerging industries or their integration with traditional industries. These innovative practices have had a constructive effect on cluster enterprises and regional economies. They integrate external innovation resources, merging them with their own innovative advantages. They have also established a productive local innovation ecology and promoted independent innovation capacities, raised awareness of the need to protect the intellectual property of enterprises. These practices also strengthen the traditional toy industry and promote the transformation and upgrade of the cluster. Finally, they drive the overall improvement of the regional economies. Therefore, the innovation of traditional industrial clusters can transcend their regional and original industrial boundaries, expanding into a larger spatial scale and industrial scope.

Key words: traditional industrial cluster, disembedding innovation, Chenghai's toy industry

中图分类号: 

  • F427