热带地理

• •    

粤港澳大湾区协同发展水平的测度及评估

王长建1,2(), 叶玉瑶1,2, 汪菲3, 黄正东4, 李启军5, 陈宇4, 林浩曦1, 吴康敏1, 林晓洁1,6, 张虹鸥1()   

  1. 1.广东省科学院广州地理研究所//广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室//广东省遥感与地理信息系统应用重点实验室,广州 510070
    2.南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室,广州 511458
    3.广州新华学院 资源与城乡规划学院,广州 510520
    4.深圳大学 建筑与城市规划学院,广东 深圳 518060
    5.深圳市城市规划设计研究院有限公司,广东 深圳 518052
    6.广东工业大学 建筑与城市规划学院,广州 510090
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-12 修回日期:2021-11-17 出版日期:2022-01-24
  • 通讯作者: 张虹鸥 E-mail:wwwangcj@126.com;hozhang@gdas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王长建(1986—),男,河南南阳人,博士,副研究员,硕士生导师,中国地理学会会员(S110010114M),主要从事经济地理、能源地理、区域可持续等研究,(E-mail)wwwangcj@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划重点专项(2019YFB2103101);南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州)人才团队引进重大专项(GML2019ZD0301);广东省科学院建设国内一流研究机构行动专项资金项目(2020GDASYL-20200301003)

Measurement and Evaluation of the Coordinated Development in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Changjian Wang1,2(), Yuyao Ye1,2, Fei Wang3, Zhengdong Huang4, Qijun Li5, Yu Chen4, Haoxi Lin1, Kangmi Wu1, Xiaojie Lin1,6, Hong'ou Zhang1()   

  1. 1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System, Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510070, China
    2.Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou), Guangzhou 510070, China
    3.School of Resources and Planning, Guangzhou Xinhua University, Guangzhou 510520, China
    4.School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
    5.Urban Planning & Design Institute of Shenzhen Co. , Ltd. , Shenzhen 518034, China
    6.School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510090, China
  • Received:2021-08-12 Revised:2021-11-17 Online:2022-01-24
  • Contact: Hong'ou Zhang E-mail:wwwangcj@126.com;hozhang@gdas.ac.cn

摘要:

在充分理解粤港澳大湾区城市群协同发展科学内涵的基础上,从产业协同创新、环境协同治理、服务协同共享和制度协同安排4个维度构建协同发展评价指标体系,综合运用“流”空间、大数据、网络分析和联锁网络模型等理论与方法,对城市之间的相互关系、流动性、连通性和边界效应进行量化分析。结果表明:1)城市之间的资本流动集中在广深之间,城市之间的知识流动集中在香港、广州和深圳之间;澳门、珠海、中山和江门等城市之间的环境协同治理水平更高,深莞惠和广佛等城市之间的环境协同治理水平稍差;广佛、广深、深莞等城市之间交通、通信、物流和银行等基础设施的服务协同共享水平更高;香港和澳门在跨境区域协同方面具有制度优势。2)粤港澳大湾区协同发展水平表现最优的是广州与深圳、广州与佛山、深圳与东莞、香港与深圳;同时,广州与东莞、深圳与佛山呈现联动趋势。虽然去边界化趋势明显,城市间流动性增强,但是粤港澳大湾区协同发展水平总体不高。3)广州和深圳两座中心城市的协同能力最强,香港和澳门两座国际化城市的协同能力仍有很大提升空间。

关键词: 粤港澳大湾区, 协同发展, 流空间, 城市连通性, 城市网络

Abstract:

On the basis of fully understanding the scientific connotation of coordinated development of urban agglomeration in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the evaluation index system of coordinated development is constructed from four dimensions: industrial coordinative innovation, environmental coordinative governance, service coordinative sharing and institutional coordinative arrangement. The theory and method of space of flows, big data, network analysis and interlocking network model are comprehensively used to quantitatively analyze the interurban relationship, liquidity, connectivity and boundary effect. The research shows that: 1) Interurban capital flow is concentrated between Guangzhou and Shenzhen, and interurban knowledge flow is concentrated among Hong Kong, Guangzhou and Shenzhen. Macao, Zhuhai, Zhongshan and Jiangmen have higher level of collaborative environmental governance, while Shenzhen-Dongguan-Huizhou and Guangzhou-Foshan have lower level of collaborative environmental governance. The interurban service coordination sharing level of infrastructure such as transportation, communications, logistics and banking is higher among cities of Guangzhou-Shenzhen, Guangzhou-Foshan and Shenzhen-Dongguan. And Hong Kong and Macao have institutional advantages in cross-border regional coordination. 2) Guangzhou and Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Foshan, Shenzhen and Dongguan, and Hong Kong and Shenzhen have the best level of coordinated development in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. At the same time, Guangzhou and Dongguan, Shenzhen and Foshan show a linkage trend. Although the de-boundary trend is obvious and the interurban liquidity is enhanced, the coordinated development level of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is generally not high. 3) The collaborative capacity of Guangzhou and Shenzhen is the strongest, and there is still much room for improvement in the collaborative capacity of the two international cities, Hong Kong and Macao. It is of great practical value to deeply understand the typical characteristics and potential trends of the coordinated development of urban agglomeration in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area for the construction of international first-class bay area and world-class urban agglomeration.

Key words: Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, coordinated development, space of flows, urban connectivity, urban network

中图分类号: 

  • F127