热带地理

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粤港澳大湾区战略耦合模式差异与区域协同

纪捷韩(), 刘逸(), 梅慕容, 朱晓玲   

  1. 中山大学 旅游学院,广州 510220
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-14 修回日期:2021-08-31 出版日期:2022-01-24
  • 通讯作者: 刘逸 E-mail:jijh5@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;liuyi89@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:纪捷韩(1997—),男,广东汕头人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游经济地理、战略耦合、区域韧性,(Email)jijh5@mail2.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    广东省哲学社科项目——粤港澳大湾区城市休闲产业集聚模式、发展质量与空间优化研究(GD 20SQ21)

Differences of Strategic Coupling Modes and Regional Collaboration in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Jiehan Ji(), Yi Liu(), Murong Mei, Xiaoling Zhu   

  1. School of Tourism, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510220, China
  • Received:2021-07-14 Revised:2021-08-31 Online:2022-01-24
  • Contact: Yi Liu E-mail:jijh5@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;liuyi89@mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要:

基于全球生产网络的理论框架,利用战略耦合,分析大湾区各城市的战略耦合模式发展及其在全球生产网络中地位与分工的差异,以深入认识粤港澳大湾区的协同发展。研究发现,1)粤港澳三地的战略耦合模式和演变过程均存在本质差异,从属于不同的全球生产网络。香港在发展本土制造业及后来的“前店后厂”的过程中,经历了2次依附耦合到解耦的过程,在金融业上形成互惠耦合模式;而澳门在制造业上经历了2次从依附耦合到解耦的过程,在博彩业上形成了吸收耦合模式。2)珠三角各个城市战略耦合模式也存在显著差异,各城市通过不同的主导产业嵌入到不同的全球生产网络之中。3)在上述2个尺度的战略耦合差异的影响下,大湾区的区域经济没有逐步走向协同,而是出现了起伏的发展过程:各个城市早期由于耦合模式不同而协同较弱,中期由于战略耦合嵌入相同的GPN中而走向协同,后期由于解耦的出现而协同趋势衰减。文章的核心论点认为战略耦合的模式差异,导致各个城市嵌入到经济周期、生产系统、技术结构存在显著差异不同的全球生产网络之中,因此难以实现区域整体协同。

关键词: 经济全球化, 全球生产网络, 战略耦合, 区域协同, 粤港澳大湾区

Abstract:

The current research on regional collaboration lacks the research perspective of global production network, which makes it difficult for the research on the collaboration of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area to recognize the differences in the development of strategic coupling modes of various cities in the Greater Bay Area, and to clarify the differences in the status and division of labor of these cities in the global production network. These differences are the key to the coordinated development of the Greater Bay Area. Therefore, based on the theoretical framework of the global production network, this study uses the variable of strategic coupling to analyze the development of the strategic coupling mode of the cities in the Greater Bay Area and the differences in their status and division of labor in the global production network, so as to further understand the coordinated development of the Greater Bay Area. There are three main findings in this study. First, the strategic coupling mode and evolution process of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao are essentially different, belonging to different global production networks. Hong Kong has experienced two processes of dependency coupling to decoupling in the development of local manufacturing and the later "having stores in front and factories behind", forming a mutually beneficial coupling mode in the financial industry. Macao has experienced two processes from dependency coupling to decoupling in the manufacturing industry, forming an absorption coupling mode in the gambling industry. Second, there are also significant differences in the strategic coupling modes of cities in the Pearl River Delta. Each city is embedded into different global production networks through different leading industries. Third, under the influence of the strategic coupling differences of the above two scales, the regional economy of the Greater Bay Area does not gradually move toward coordinated development, but presents the characteristics of less connection-collaboration-collaborative difficulties. The core argument of this paper is that the differences of strategic coupling mode lead to the embedding of cities into global production networks with significant differences in economic cycles, production systems and technological structures, making it difficult to achieve the overall regional collaboration. And the contribution of this study is that with the help of the global production network theory, it provides a new interpretation perspective for regional collaboration research, reveals the difficulties of regional collaboration in the Greater Bay Area, enriches the study of the long-term dynamic evolution of relational economic geography, and provides some suggestions for the formulation of collaborative policy.

Key words: economic globalization, global production network, strategic coupling, regional collaboration, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

中图分类号: 

  • F127