热带地理

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新时期粤港澳大湾区协同发展的内涵与机制变化

叶玉瑶1(), 王翔宇1, 许吉黎1, 张虹鸥1(), 刘郑倩1,2, 孙嘉仪3, 卢秦1,2   

  1. 1.广东省科学院广州地理研究所 广东省遥感与地理信息系统应用重点实验室/广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室,广州 510070
    2.广东工业大学 建筑与城市规划学院,广州 510090
    3.悉尼大学 商学院,悉尼 2006
  • 收稿日期:2021-10-22 修回日期:2021-12-01 出版日期:2022-01-26
  • 通讯作者: 张虹鸥 E-mail:yeyuyao@gdas.ac.cn;hozhang@gdas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:叶玉瑶(1980-),女,四川乐山人,博士,研究员,研究方向为城市群与区域发展战略,(E-mail)yeyuyao@gdas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2019YFB2103101);南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州)(GML2019ZD0301);粤港澳大湾区战略研究院建设专项(2021GDASYL-20210401001);广东省科学院实施创新驱动发展能力建设专项(2021GDASYL-20210103004)

The Connotation and Mechanism Changes of Coordinated Development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area in the New Period

Yuyao Ye1(), Xiangyu Wang1, Jili Xu1, Hong'ou Zhang1(), Zhengqian Liu1,2, Jiayi Sun3, Qin Lu1,2   

  1. 1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System, Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510070, China
    2.School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510090, China
    3.The University of Sydney Business School, NSW 2006, Australia
  • Received:2021-10-22 Revised:2021-12-01 Online:2022-01-26
  • Contact: Hong'ou Zhang E-mail:yeyuyao@gdas.ac.cn;hozhang@gdas.ac.cn

摘要:

区域协同发展是新时期粤港澳大湾区提升国际竞争力、建设国际一流湾区和世界级城市群的关键,也是一项复杂、系统、与时俱进的科学议题。特别是当前伴随全球化格局、区域治理体系以及技术革新的快速演进,粤港澳大湾区的协同发展将面临机制性的变化。文章通过对新时期粤港澳大湾区协同发展的内涵与机制的系统性分析,认为粤港澳大湾区协同发展经历了生产要素一体化、制度整合一体化和全方位融合一体化3个阶段的演变,新时期协同发展涵盖产业协同创新、环境协同治理、资源协同配置、服务协同共享和制度协同安排5个维度,并且在全球化、市场要素、政府治理和技术变革影响下产生了诸多机制性变化。

关键词: 粤港澳大湾区, 协同发展, 全球化, 区域治理, 科技创新

Abstract:

Regional coordinated development is a complex, systematic and scientific issue advancing with the time which has attracted much attention. The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (GBA) aims to develop into a world-class bay area and urban agglomeration. The development of GBA depends on regional coordinated development to enhance its international competitiveness. At present, the process of globalization has experienced multiple turning points, the regional governance system has been continuously optimized, and the technological innovation has evolved rapidly. The coordinated development of the GBA is facing institutional changes. Therefore, through the systematic analysis of the connotations and mechanisms of the coordinated development of the GBA, this paper describes the three stages of regional coordinated development since 1978, including the integration of regional production factors represented by the ‘front shop, back factory’ mode (1978-1996), the regional system integration led by institutional cooperation (1997-2014), and the regional all-round integration guided by national strategy (2015- ). In the meantime, the paper analyzes the five dimensions of the coordinated development of the GBA in the new period, including industrial collaborative innovation, environmental collaborative governance, resource collaborative allocation, service collaborative sharing and institutional collaborative arrangement. These five dimensions are helpful to understand the key areas to promote the coordinated development of the GBA in the coming decades. Furthermore, this paper holds that the regional coordinated development of the GBA is undergoing mechanism changes at four levels, which are mainly reflected in the transformation of globalization, the integration of the internal and external market, the rescaling of governance, and the energization of regional in-depth development facilitated by the new infrastructure. These institutional changes have the potential to generate a new model for the coordinated development of the GBA. This paper takes into account the retrospective review and forward-looking prospect on the coordinated development of the GBA, aiming to provide an entry perspective and analysis framework for related issues.

Key words: Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, coordinated development, globalization, regional governance, technological innovation

中图分类号: 

  • F127