热带地理

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内陆港(Inland port)国际研究进展与趋势

宗会明(), 孙菊   

  1. 西南大学 地理科学学院,重庆 400715
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-11 修回日期:2021-06-24 出版日期:2022-03-18
  • 作者简介:宗会明(1981-),男,山东淄博人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为经济地理与区域发展,(E-mail)zonghuim@swu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071209);重庆市教委哲学社会科学重大理论研究阐释专项课题重大项目(19SKZDZX08)

Literature Review on Inland Ports: Based on Papers in SCI and SSCI Journals

Huiming Zong(), Ju Sun   

  1. School of geographic sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2021-04-11 Revised:2021-06-24 Online:2022-03-18

摘要:

通过对111篇国际SCI和SSCI期刊内陆港(Inland port)文献的分析,结果发现:1)从20世纪90年代以来,国际上对内陆港的相关研究逐渐增多,尤其是自2016年以来,文献数量增长迅速。研究者的地区分布以亚洲、欧洲和北美洲最多,研究主题多与交通运输、物流等领域结合,表明内陆港已经成为交通运输体系和供应链运输网络的重要组成部分,但其概念至今尚未统一。其概念探讨主要集中在不同地理背景下对内陆港功能和作用、与海港的便捷交通链接,以及随经济发展延伸出来的附加功能方面。2)内陆港的空间布局体系大致可以分为供应链导向型布局和产业集群型布局,腹地经济基础、交通基础设施与地方政策因素等都影响内陆港的选址和布局。3)内陆港对区域的影响广泛而深远,在城市空间规划和土地利用、区域经济发展和就业以及降低能耗和减排、实现区域可持续发展等方面产生持续的空间效应、经济效应和环境效应。4)内陆港的运营和管制需要特别关注港口规划与各管理主体之间及其与管理制度的关系,以实现内陆港高效、持续、健康的发展。文章最后着眼于全球内陆港研究新趋势和新发展格局背景下中国对内陆港发展实践需求,指出未来内陆港研究需要重点关注概念再界定与评价实证、空间布局与规划、区域影响与港城关系研究、开发投资与潜在效益之间的风险关系研究等方面。

关键词: 内陆港, 国际研究, 文献计量, 研究主题, 研究进展

Abstract:

The proposal of a national strategy for the "New Western Land Sea Corridor" will affect the reconstruction of the overall freight distribution pattern in western China. As the most important hub node for cargo distribution and transshipment in inland areas, the inland port (or dry port) is of great significance to regional economic development, logistics systems, and the construction of a new regional development pattern. Therefore, 111 papers on inland port research in international core journals have been selected in this study to systematically review the research status of inland ports and put forward the key directions and development trends for future research to serve the theoretical research and construction planning practice of inland ports in China, and globally. In this study, the literature metrology method is adopted to divide inland port research and development into three stages: the first stage is the initial stage (before 2005); the second stage is the slow fluctuating growth stage (2006-2017); the third stage is the rapid increase stage (2018–present). Scholars are interested in inland port research mainly from mainland China, the Netherlands, Hong Kong, the United Kingdom, the United States, and other countries (regions). Related research topics on inland ports are mostly combined with transportation, logistics, and other fields, which indicates that inland ports have become an important part of transportation systems and supply chain transportation networks. Among specific related research topics, the concept of inland ports is an important research topic, mainly focusing on the differences in naming and function, facilities of inland ports under different geographical backgrounds, and additional functions extended with economic development; however, its concept has not yet been unified. Research on the spatial layout system of inland ports shows that the inland port site selection and layout can be roughly summed up as a supply chain-oriented pattern, and industrial cluster-oriented pattern; the former often near port cargo distribution of traffic nodes, while the latter is on the border between the end of the supply chain. The location and layout of inland ports are influenced by economic foundation, transportation infrastructure, and local policy factors. Inland ports have a profound impact on the region. In terms of spatial effects, they have an impact on urban spatial planning and land use; in terms of economic effects, they can promote regional economic development and employment; in terms of environmental effects, they can reduce energy consumption and emissions, and promote the realization of regional sustainable development. In the operation and control of inland ports, special attention should be paid to the relationship between port planning and each manager, as well as to the management system, to realize the efficient, sustainable, and healthy development of inland ports. Finally, based on the new trends of global inland port logistics research and the realistic demand of China, we put forward several suggestions for future research, including the redefinition of dry ports, spatial layout and planning of inland ports, their regional influence, the port-city relationship, risk of investment, and potential benefits of inland ports.

Key words: inland port, international research, bibliometrics, research topics, research progress

中图分类号: 

  • F551