热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 1034-1045.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003390

• 行为地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

“村改居”后中小城市居民与迁入移民地方认同差异及其影响因素

汪丽(), 张拓, 胡玲玲   

  1. 西安外国语大学 旅游学院·人文地理研究所,西安 710128
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-20 修回日期:2021-07-21 出版日期:2021-09-05 发布日期:2021-09-22
  • 作者简介:汪丽(1980—),女,安徽合肥人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为城市社会地理、交通地理与区域发展,(E-mail)rwdlwangli@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(20&ZD157);陕西省自然科学基金项目(2020JM-576);西安外国语大学科研项目(SSZD2019032)

Differences and Influencing Factors of Local Identity between Local Residents and Immigrants in Medium and Small Cities after "Village into Urban Community": A Case Study of Y Village in Lingbao City

Li Wang(), Tuo Zhang, Lingling Hu   

  1. School of Tourism & Research Institute of Human Geography, Xi'an International Studies University, Xi'an 710128, China
  • Received:2021-06-20 Revised:2021-07-21 Online:2021-09-05 Published:2021-09-22

摘要:

村委会改为居委会或社区委员会(即“村改居”)给当地居民生活方式带来诸多变化,特别是迁入移民与本地居民的混合居住对当地居民的地方认同产生了重要影响,这两类居民在不断互动与融合中重新形成地方认同并成为乡村社会可持续发展的关键。文章以灵宝市Y社区为例,运用统计检验、因子分析法、质性研究方法探讨本地居民和迁入移民在地方认同方面的差异及其影响因素。研究发现:1)本地居民的地方认同水平高于移民居民,其差异主要体现在功能性的社区参与、情感性的社区意义以及决策性的去留意向方面;2)本地居民更加重视社区参与,移民居民虽然关心社区生活环境,但社区参与行为明显缺乏;本地居民和移民居民的情感认同分异显著,前者形成自我建构联结型情感认同,而后者产生他者凝视依附型的情感认同;去留意向表现出户籍-年龄异质性,本地居民比移民居民的去留意向更为明确,年轻居民搬离社区的意愿更强烈;3)地方认同差异是人地相互作用过程中,社区管理制度、地方自然、文化环境以及居民身份差异形成的结果。

关键词: 城市化, 本地居民, 移民居民, 地方认同, 情感根植性, 村改居社区

Abstract:

In the context of urbanization, residents' local identities have become an important topic in the study of cultural and urban geography. Changing village committees to neighborhood or community committees (i.e., "village conversion") is an important way of urbanization, bringing many changes to the lifestyle of local residents; in particular, the mixed residence of immigrants and local residents has had an important impact on local residents' local identity. These two types of residents constantly interact and integrate to reform the local identity and become the key to the sustainable development of rural society. The impact of urbanization on urban development has expanded from large to small and medium-sized cities. However, academic circles pay less attention to differences in the local identity of residents in small and medium-sized cities. This article takes the village Y community in Lingbao City, a small and medium-sized city, as an example. The measurement of local identity mainly draws on the representative and mature relevant measurement scales, which are designed based on three aspects: local functional identity (interaction, participation, and satisfaction), local emotional identity, and intention to stay. The interview refers to the relevant influencing factors of local identity, mainly concentrated in aspects such as system, housing, individuals, local natural environment, and social culture. We designed an interview outline and specific questions based on the local identity scale. The research data were obtained through questionnaire surveys and semi-structured qualitative interviews. We used statistical test, factor analysis, qualitative research, a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods. We also conducted in-depth discussion on the changes in rural communities in the process of urbanization-after the "village conversion,"the group differences, and the influencing factors of local identity between local residents and immigrants in the process of population space and identity transformation. The research findings include: 1) The local identity level of local residents is higher than that of immigrant residents. The differences are mainly reflected in functional community participation, emotional community significance, and decision-making attention; 2) Local residents pay more attention to community participation. Although immigrant residents are concerned about the living environment of the community, their participation in the community is obviously lacking. The main reason for the difference is the continuity and imperfection of village rules and regulations in the process of community construction; the emotional identity of local residents and immigrant residents are significantly different. The former forms a self-constructed connection type emotional identification, and unites self and community into an inseparable whole, while the latter generates the other's gaze-dependent emotional identity, attaching the self-emotional identity to the evaluation of the community by others. The intention to leave and stay shows household registration-age heterogeneity, local residents' willingness to stay is clearer than that of immigrant residents, young residents are more willing to move out of the community, preferring to experience the environment and life outside the community. The intention to stay was based on the results of functional identity and emotional identity. 3) The difference in local identity is in the process of human-land interaction, community management system, local natural, cultural environment, and the result of differences in resident status. This study further enriches the research on the connotation of local identity while simultaneously promoting the social integration of residents in small and medium-sized cities. It promotes local community identity and provides a scientific basis for promoting the healthy development of cities. It helps to improve the identity of different groups in the changes of the community, promote the establishment of a new "city" identity of local residents, and enhance the integration of immigrant residents, both of which are important propositions for future urban and rural governance.

Key words: urbanization, local residents, immigrant residents, local identity, emotional rootedness, village into urban community

中图分类号: 

  • C912.81