热带地理 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 804-813.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002720

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

广州市保障性住房小区居民迁居特征及机制 ——以棠下小区为例

杨文越1,周素红1,2,古 杰3,齐兰兰4   

  1. (1.中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275;2.广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275;3.深圳市城市规划设计研究院 城市发展与土地政策研究所,广东 深圳 518028;4.广东轻工职业技术学院旅游系,广州 510300)
  • 出版日期:2015-11-05 发布日期:2015-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 周素红(1976―),女,广东潮州人,教授,博士,主要研究方向为城市空间结构、时空间行为和城市交通等,(E-mail)eeszsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn。
  • 作者简介:杨文越(1988―),男,广东韶关人,博士研究生,主要从事城市地理与城市规划研究,(E-mail)yangwenyue900780@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41271166、41130747)

Characteristics and Mechanism of Residential Mobility in Guangzhou’s Indemnificatory Housing Communities:A Case Study of Tangxiaxiaoqu

YANG Wenyue1,ZHOU Suhong1,2,GU Jie3,Qi Lanlan4   

  1. (1.School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China;2.Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation,Guangzhou 510275,China;3.Urban Development and Land Policy Research Institute,Urban Planning & Design Academy of Shenzhen,Shenzhen 518028,China;4.Department of Tourism,Guangdong Industry Technical College,Guangzhou 510300,China)
  • Online:2015-11-05 Published:2015-11-05

摘要:

以广州市规模最大的保障性住房小区之一——棠下小区为例,采用标准差椭圆GIS空间分析方法、描述性统计和定性分析方法研究不同类型住户居民的生活和迁居特征、迁居原因和动力机制。主要结论为:不同类型住户在迁居空间上具有显著差异。廉租房住户迁居距离最长,迁出地分布最聚集;经适房住户迁出地空间跨度较大。新住户整体上迁居距离较短,但普通租房住户迁出地空间分散,而购买二手房住户迁出地空间集中。不同类型住户在迁居原因上亦具有显著差异。原住户迁入小区的主要原因有享受住房保障政策、经济能力有限和原住房被征用拆迁等,属于被动型迁居,以政府和单位安排为主导。新住户迁入小区主要考虑个人和家庭因素,为主动型迁居,市场机制起关键作用;同时,新住户(包括拥有房产者和租户)具有强烈的再迁出小区欲望。住房面积小、为寻求较好的教育资源、经济条件改善以及小区管理问题是驱动居民迁出小区的主要原因,且不同类型住户在迁出原因上存在较大差异。经过十多年持续不断的居民迁出与迁入,棠下小区的居民结构发生了剧烈变化,小区性质已由政府主导建设的保障性住房小区演变为具有明显过渡性质、流动性极大的普通居住小区,且出现明显“过滤”现象。

关键词: 保障性住房, 迁居, 棠下小区, 广州

Abstract:

This paper, taking Tangxiaxiaoqu, the Guangzhou’s biggest indemnificatory housing community, as an example, examines the characteristics, reasons and driving forces of residential mobility, according to the different types of households. It reaches the following conclusions. It has significant spatial disparity in original place of residence for different types of households. For the original residents of the community, the low-rent housing residents’ original place of residence is the farthest from the community, which is located in old city centre, and the degree of spatial agglomeration of them is the highest. Affordable housing residents’ original residential space is east-west long-span. For the new residents, their residential mobility distances are comparatively shorter. Most of ordinary rental households’ original residence places are from Tianhe district, they are the most spatially disperse. Those of second-hand housing households are comparatively spatially concentrated, while they are also from Tianhe District. There are also significant differences between types of households in residential mobility reasons. The main reasons of original households moved to the community are benefited from housing security policy, short on economic ability and housing demolition. It belongs to passive type of mobility, dominated by the government or units. While, the new households moved to the community because of closer location to the work place, transportation convenient, limitation on economic condition and so on, in consideration of personal and family factors primarily. It belongs to initiative type of mobility, dominated by market mechanism. Meanwhile, they have a strong desire to move out. Small living space, seeking better educational resources, improved economic conditions and the community management problems are the main reasons to drive residents to move out. It means that high rate of residential mobility and filtering will last in the future. The difference of reasons to move out between original households and the new is seeking better educational resources for children. Meanwhile, the residents who own property pay more attention to neighborhood quality. After ten years of continuous mobility, the community’s household composition has changed dramatically. It is evolving from indemnificatory housing community to ordinary one, featured with significant transition and mobility. Moreover, filtering phenomenon appears in it.

Key words: indemnificatory housing, residential mobility, Tangxiaxiaoqu, Guangzhou