热带地理 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 664-670.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002768

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

广东省与“一带一路”沿线国家(地区)出口贸易格局的时空变化

梁育填1,刘鲁论1,柳 林1,2,陈蔚珊1   

  1. (1.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,综合地理信息研究中心,广州 510275;2.Department of Geography, University of Cincinnati,Cincinnati USA OH 45221-0131)
  • 出版日期:2015-09-30 发布日期:2015-09-30
  • 通讯作者: 柳林(1965―),男,湖南湘潭人,教授,主要从事地理信息科学与城市地理研究,(E-mail)liulin2@mail.sysu.edu.cn。
  • 作者简介:梁育填(1982―),男,广东揭阳人,讲师,博士,主要从事经济地理与区域发展研究,(E-mail)liangyutian@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41301112);广东省教育厅科技项目(2013KJCX0006);高校科研基本业务费(14lgpy13)

Spatial and Temporal Changes in the Pattern of Export Trade between Guangdong Province and the Countries along “One Belt and One Road”

LIANG Yutian1,LIU Lulun1,LIU Lin1,2,CHEN Weishan1   

  1. (1.Center of Integrated Geographic Information Analysis,School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China;2.Department of Geography,University of Cincinnati,Cincinnati,OH 45221-0131,USA)
  • Online:2015-09-30 Published:2015-09-30

摘要:

利用2000―2014年中国海关进出口数据,采用位序变动指数和显性比较优势指数,对广东省与“一带一路”沿线国家和地区的出口贸易格局及商品结构的时空变化进行分析。研究表明:1)广东省对外出口贸易主要集中在“21世纪海上丝绸之路经济带”沿线国家(地区)如港澳台、东南亚、南亚和西亚/中东地区,对“丝绸之路经济带”沿线国家(地区)如东欧、中亚、蒙俄地区的贸易比重低于全国平均水平;2)广东省与“一带一路”沿线国家(地区)对外出口贸易额保持持续上升的趋势,出口贸易格局发生较大变化,新兴市场国家占广东省进口贸易额比重不断提升,经济总量较小的发达国家(地区)或发展中国家的比重和位次均有所下降;3)广东省对外出口商品结构以装备制造产品、纺织服装、通用设备及仪器为主,受沿线贸易国(地区)需求结构的影响,不同地区的出口商品结构存在较大差异。

关键词: “一带一路”, 广东省, 对外出口贸易, 商品结构, 产品优势度

Abstract:

Since “One Belt and One Road” became the national strategy, the economic and trade contacts between China and the countries along the line have been the focus of attentions. Export trade is an important measure to stimulate economic growth and promote national influence. Guangdong Province has the highest export trade value in China and its export trade with the countries and regions along “One Belt and One Road” has been increasing. In this paper, the spatial and temporal changes in the pattern of export trade between Guangdong and the countries and regions along “One Belt and One Road” were studied using data during 2000-2014 provided by China Customs. The results showed that the export trade of Guangdong concentrated on the countries and regions (e.g., HMT, Southeast Asia, South Asia and West Asia/Middle East) along the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road Economic Belt” with a lower-than-national-average weight in export trade with the countries and regions along the “Silk Road Economic Belt”, including Eastern Europe, Central Asia and the Mongolia-Russia region; the export trade between Guangdong Province and the countries and regions along “One Belt and One Road” had been growing and the export trade pattern had changed a lot. The emerging economies had been taking up a larger proportion in the import trade of Guangdong Province while the developed countries (regions) and the developing countries with a small economic aggregate had been taking up a smaller proportion and stepping down in ranking; the major exported commodities of Guangdong were equipment manufacturing products, textiles and garments, and general equipment and instruments. Influenced by the demand structure of the countries (regions) along the line, the export commodity structures differed greatly between regions.

Key words: “One Belt and One Road”, Guangdong Province, export trade, commodity structure, revealed comparative advantage