热带地理 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 238-245.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002923

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国小机场支线航空的空间格局与服务水平

廖家仪,戴特奇   

  1. (北京师范大学 地理科学学部,北京 100875)
  • 出版日期:2017-03-05 发布日期:2017-03-05
  • 作者简介:廖家仪(1992―),女,四川人,硕士生,主要研究方向为交通地理,(E-mail)liaojiayiann@foxmail.com; 戴特奇(1980―),男,重庆人,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为交通地理、城市与区域发展,(E-mail)daiteqi@bnu.edu.cn。

Spatial Pattern and Service Level of Chinese Feeder Aviation in Small Airports

LIAO Jiayi,DAI Teqi   

  1. (Faculty of Geographical Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)
  • Online:2017-03-05 Published:2017-03-05

摘要: 系统梳理了国内外支线航空的概念,总结出支线航程<800 km的判断标准,采集了2014年旅客吞吐量<10万人次的机场的航线数据,分析了这些小机场的支线航空发展的总体水平和空间分布特征。结果发现:小机场的支线发展总体水平不高,只有41%的航线符合支线定义,主要分布在中国西部地区;支线的运营效率要优于非支线,前者的平均起降频次是后者的2.3倍,且满足每天≥1班频次的航线中支线航线占了53.1%,且估算表明平均上座率支线比非支线高近10%。

关键词: 支线航空, 小机场, 航线结构, 运营效率

Abstract:

Feeder aviation is an important part of the air transport system, and our policy has been pledged to promote feeder development, but the increases are mainly concentrated on the main lines while feeders are lagging behind and stagnant. Researches about Chinese air transport network emphasize on network characteristics, hub-spoke structure and so on, however, the focuses of which are on the hub and trunk, and feeder related research is relatively weak. According to the existing limited studies, there is a large difference on the Chinese current situation of feeder air, which is mainly due to their different criteria on the feeder judging, and what’s more, there is no clear and uniform definition either, which is not conducive to the development and implementation of feeder aviation-related policies. The paper systemically reviews the concepts of feeder aviation at home and abroad to conclude that the judgment standard of feeder route is less than 800 km. And the airline data of small airports that have less than 100 000 passengers in 2014 is collected to analyze the spatial pattern and service level of Chinese feeder aviation in small airports. We find that feeder development in small airport as a whole is not high, and only 41% of the routes are in line with the definition of feeder airlines, which are mainly distributed in western China. There is a large proportion of inter-province routes for small airports, which accounts for 53.6%, and hub-spoke shape seems to be developed in some places. On the other hand, destinations of Chinese small airports are not well designed in consideration of 3 routes and above opening in 1/3 of those airports; what’s important, the feeder airlines’ operational efficiency is slightly better than that of the non-feeder, the average landing frequency of the former is 2.3 times the landing frequency of the latter, and among routes which have 7 times landing and over a week, feeder routes account for 53.1%, what’s more, the average attendance of feeder airlines is nearly 10% higher than that of non-feeder, that is related to their different selections on aircraft type. For example, ERJ-190 (medium), Xinzhou 60 (small) and Bombardier CRJ9000 (medium) are popular in feeder routes, while the main types of non-feeder route are Boeing and Airbus series.

Key words: feeder aviation, small airports, route structure, operating efficiency