热带地理 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 334-346.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002951

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

佛山管治尺度重整对产业空间分散化的影响

李 郇a,b,谢石营a,张丞国a   

  1. (中山大学 a.地理科学与规划学院;b.城市化研究院,广州 510275)
  • 出版日期:2017-05-05 发布日期:2017-05-05
  • 通讯作者: 谢石营(1984―),男,广东广州人,博士生,主要研究方向为区域管治、城乡规划,(E-mail)shishixie@163.com。
  • 作者简介:李郇(1964―),男,江西南昌人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为城市经济学、区域经济学,(E-mail)lixun23@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271138)

An Empirical Study of Foshan Governance Rescaling and Industrial Decentralization

LI Xuna,b,XIE Shiyinga,ZHANG Chengguoa   

  1. (a.School of Geography and Planning;b.Urbanization Institute,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China)
  • Online:2017-05-05 Published:2017-05-05

摘要: 随着生产活动的全球化,“城市―地区”替代国家,成为全球生产网络和国家发展管治的核心地域。中国主要都市区通过“撤县(市)设区”行政区划调整,在地级市层面出现城市―地区新型地域空间。文章以佛山作为案例,探讨管治重整的过程及其对产业空间发展的影响。政府通过调整“市―区”财政关系、推动行政架构改革、建立空间规划和审批架构3个方面进行管治的尺度调整,构建出与新的管治空间相匹配的管理架构。同时,管治的尺度调整带来了产业空间的变化,佛山市域的工业企业空间分布格局整体呈现“大分散、小集中”的变动过程,以及呈现去中心化和多中心化的趋势。

关键词: 城市―地区, 管治, 尺度重整, 产业空间, 佛山

Abstract: With the globalization of production, the role of City-region” has replaced that of the state and become a prominent scale in global production networks and national governance. Meanwhile, through “de-designation of county (city) districts” and administrative division re-adjustment, “City-region” -a new type of regional space at the prefecture-level has also emerged in China's major metropolitan areas. The scale theory of human geography is a set of analytical methods to explain the development and transformation of the region under globalization. Scale theory focuses on the analysis of the change of the power structure of different levels of government and the development of space, which has a good explanation for the development of cities and regions around the world today. However, the analysis of governance rescaling and its spatialization process has been conceptualized, and the space has been “conceptualized” into a noun, focusing on the analysis of space from the perspective of “Spatiality”. Through the empirical study on the governance rescaling of Foshan urban areas, this paper attempts to specify and materialize the process of governance rescaling. Taking Foshan as a case, this paper explores the process of governance rescaling and its impact on the development of industrial space. After “turning county into district”(che xian she qu), governance structure of Foshan has started the process of rescaling, the power of municipal has been strengthened. Through adjustment of “city - district” financial relations, Foshan government promoted the administrative structure reform, establishment of spatial planning and approval structure, Foshan Municipal began the process of governance rescaling. As a result, a governance structure that matches the new administrative space has been constructed. 1) After “turning county into district”(che xian she qu) in 2002, the overall trend of financial relations between Foshan municipal government and district governments is that the fiscal revenue continue to concentrate on the municipal government level. 2) To rationalize the administrative relationship between the municipal government and district governments, Foshan City promotes administrative management reform, includes “the overhaul of administrative system reform”(da buzhi gaige) and “city - district” departmental administrative relations reform. In the new administrative framework, Foshan municipal government achieves full coverage of management to the 5 subordinate districts,and the management power from city sector to district sector has been strengthened. 3) The structure of Foshan City’s spatial planning management approval, has witnessed a change from previous decentralized state, which was of county-level municipal government-led state, to a more centralized state in which Foshan municipal government is responsible for macro-space planning, while the district government is responsible for the control of detailed planning management approval. Also, the re-adjustment of administrative scales has brought changes to the spatial distribution of industrial production, leading to a reconfigured spatial pattern. The city government-led ring road and industrial park construction accompanied with governance rescaling, affect the spatial distribution of industrial enterprises. In other words, governance rescaling promotes the process of restructuring of economic space. Displaying a trend of “macro-dispersion, micro-concentration”, the spatial trajectory of industrial production activities in Foshan can be largely characterized by an evolutional process of decentralization and polycentricity.

Key words: city-region, governance, rescaling, enterprise spatial distribution, Foshan