热带地理 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 108-116.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003110

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

广州古代港—城空间关系演化

陈再齐1,姚华松2   

  1. (1.广东省社会科学院,广州 510635;2.广州大学 广州发展研究院,广州 510405)
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-12 修回日期:2018-12-11 出版日期:2019-01-05 发布日期:2019-01-05
  • 通讯作者: 姚华松(1977—),男,湖北黄冈人,博士,副研究员,主要从事城市社会学、女性主义地理学的研究工作,(E-mail)yhscf@163.com。
  • 作者简介:陈再齐(1981—),男,湖南安化人,博士,研究员,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为经济地理学、区域经济学,(E-mail)zaiqichen@qq.com;
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41671143);广东“特支计划”青年文化英才专项资金资助

Evolution of the Port-City Spatial Relationship in Ancient Guangzhou

Chen Zaiqi1 and Yao Huasong2   

  1. (1. Guangdong Academy of Social Science, Guangzhou 510635, China; 2. Guangzhou Institute of Development, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510405, China)
  • Received:2018-11-12 Revised:2018-12-11 Online:2019-01-05 Published:2019-01-05

摘要: 以古代广州港—城空间关系的发展演化为实证案例,采用历史地理的研究方法,探讨了中国古代长时间跨度视角下港—城空间关系发展演化的规律特征。结果表明:城市与港口发展之间形成了唇齿相依的紧密联系,港—城空间关系发展演化呈现出明显的规律性特征;古代港口具有重要的交通和商贸功能,码头毗邻地区往往发展成为重要的城市商贸区;港口通过毗邻城市功能区的发育,影响城市空间拓展的方向;自然环境变迁、航运技术变革、交通商贸变化以及政治军事的考量等因素综合作用,驱动港—城空间关系不断发展演化;古代广州港—城空间关系的演化模式明显有别于西方学者归纳的理论模式。

关键词: 港—城空间关系, 古代港口, 广州

Abstract: This paper adopts the research method of historical geography and takes the development and evolution of the ancient port–city relationship in Guangzhou as an empirical case to study the regularity of the development of port-city spatial relationships over the long term in ancient China. The results show that the ancient city of Guangzhou and its port development formed a close relationship, and that the development and evolution of the port-city spatial relationship presented some obvious, regular characteristics. The ancient ports had important traffic and business functions, the adjacent areas of which often became commercial and trade functional areas in different historical periods. These functional areas became important space carriers and hotbeds in building up the close relationship between the port and the city. The port directly affected the spatial expansion path of the city through the development and expansion of the functionally adjacent area. The commercial area adjacent to the ancient port of Guangzhou was continuously included in the urban area. As the port shifted westward and southward in space, the city gradually expanded westward and southward. In this process, the port–city relationship continued to be shaped and developed. In addition, the variation in the natural environment, the revolution in shipping technology, changes in the transportation trade, and the consideration of political and military factors may have all given rise to changes in the spatial location of the port, which drove the development of the port-city relationship in a “frog-jump” expansion manner. The evolutionary model of the port–city relationship in ancient Guangzhou was obviously different from the theoretical model summarized by western scholars in such aspects as the early differentiation between inner harbor and outer harbor, the large spatial distance between the port and the city, and the clearly periodic characteristics in the evolution of spatial distance. The developmental evolution model and the factors influencing Guangzhou’s ancient port-city spatial relationship are clearly characterized by geography and time, indicating that a port development model based on the western experience is not universally applicable, especially in areas with great differences in economic and social background. The empirical research findings on ancient Guangzhou show that the development model of the spatial relationship between port and city is the result of multifactorial functioning, and these influencing factors exhibit various features in different countries or regions, which has given rise to the diversity in the emergence, development, and evolution processes of the port-city spatial relationship. Thus, further empirical research on the development model of the spatial relationship between port and city needs to be carried out to enrich and expand the current research findings.

Key words: port-city spatial relationship, evolution modes, influencing factors, Guangzhou