热带地理 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 267-277.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003120

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

博物馆文化展演与城市记忆活化传承 ——基于旅游留言档案的文本分析

文 彤,刘 璐   

  1. (暨南大学 管理学院,广州 510632)
  • 出版日期:2019-03-05 发布日期:2019-03-05
  • 通讯作者: 刘璐(1994—),女,河北石家庄人,硕士研究生,研究方向为旅游开发与规划,(E-mail)luisa0316@163.com。
  • 作者简介:文彤(1975—),男,四川成都人,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为城市旅游规划、旅游小企业管理,(E-mail)wentong@jnu.edu.cn;
  • 基金资助:

    广东省自然科学基金(2016A030313818);大学生创新创业项目(201810559147)

Activation and Inheritance of Urban Memory and Cultural Performance in Museums: An Analysis of Tourist Comments on a Museum in Guangzhou

Wen Tong and Liu Lu   

  1. (School of Management, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China)
  • Online:2019-03-05 Published:2019-03-05

摘要:

通过对广州南越王博物馆2015年1月至2017年7月期间的1 294条旅游留言档案(线下留言207条,线上留言1 087条)的文本分析,发现建筑遗址、文物遗产、解说系统和游客参与共同构成了博物馆文化展演的“舞台”“道具”“演员”和“观众”维度因素体系,“建筑遗址”通过真实遗址和现代展馆构建了满足观众对历史文化想象的“舞台”,“文物遗产”和“解说系统”分别以静态和动态的方式将城市记忆内涵进行解构,最后“游客参与”使记忆主体发挥能动性,完成自身对记忆内涵的再编码,实现城市记忆的建构和传承,因此这4个因素在城市记忆构建过程中分别发挥了唤醒、强化、活化和传承作用,构建了博物馆城市记忆链,并进一步强调了记忆主体感知行为、博物馆文化原真特性对于文化展演和记忆传承效果的重要影响。

关键词: 城市记忆, 文化展演, 记忆活化, 记忆传承, 博物馆

Abstract:

As a space to record urban culture and history, museum is an important place to inherit urban memory. From the perspective of “cultural performance”, this article conducted a text analysis of tourist comments concerning the Museum of the Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum of the Nanyue King. A total of 1 294 tourist comments (207 offline comments and 1 087 online comments) were considered, and the four dimensions were found to constitute the factor system of cultural performance in museum, including architectural sites, cultural heritage, interpretation system, and tourist participation. In particular, initially, as a space of urban memory, the dimension of “architectural sites” is just like a stage for performance, which not only satisfies tourists' imagination of urban history and culture, but also awakens their perception of historical memory. Secondly, the dimension of “cultural heritage” confirms the unique cultural connotation and historical background in Guangzhou through the way of physical display, which helps tourists enhance their sense of cultural identity and strengthen their urban memory. Thirdly, the dimension of “interpretation system”, including professional commentators and multimedia technology, is just like the actors in performance, presenting the history and culture of the city in a dynamic way, and helping tourists understand the deep meaning of history and culture. Lastly, the dimension of “tourist participation” is the most important role in the process of urban memory. Tourists take the initiative to participate in activities and realize the transformation from “passive participation” to “active participation”, fulfilling the understanding of urban memory. Furthermore, this article emphasizes the important role of the perception of memory subject and the authenticity of culture in the process of urban memory. On the one hand, the form of memory is an interactive process, so that it is necessary to realize the understanding of cultural connotation through communication between memory subject and object. In this case, the content coding about the tourists’ perception accounts for about 51.08%, therefore, the behavior of memory subject determines the effect of cultural performance in museum. On the other hand, 41.4% of the content coding comes from real carriers, such as architectural sites and cultural heritage, which indicates that only by maintaining the original and integrity of traditional culture can tourists achieve the construction of urban memory. In a word, these four dimensions form an urban memory chain for museum and respectively play the roles of awakening, strengthening, activating and inheriting in the process of urban memory construction. In addition, both the behavior of memory subject and the cultural authenticity play indispensable roles in the construction of urban memory.

Key words: urban memory, culture performance, memory activation, memory heritance, museum