热带地理 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 88-100.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003164

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于POI数据的大型零售商业设施空间布局与业态差异——以广州市为例

周丽娜, 李立勋()   

  1. 中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-19 修回日期:2019-07-04 出版日期:2020-01-10 发布日期:2020-02-24
  • 通讯作者: 李立勋 E-mail:eesllx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:周丽娜(1995—),女,广东梅州人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为经济地理,城市与区域发展,(E-mail) zhouln6@mail2.sysu.edu.cn 。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51678577)

Spatial Distribution and Format difference of Large-Scale Retail Business Facilities: A Case Study of Guangzhou Based on POI Data

Zhou Lina, Li Lixun()   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2019-04-19 Revised:2019-07-04 Online:2020-01-10 Published:2020-02-24
  • Contact: Li Lixun E-mail:eesllx@mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要:

以广州市为例,基于大型零售商业设施POI(Point of Interest)数据,运用空间计量分析方法,对大型零售商业设施总体及不同业态的空间分布及其影响因素进行了探究。结果表明:总体上,大型零售商业设施空间分布呈现出由内向外扩散的多中心圈层式结构,沿交通干道生长和连片蔓延趋势明显,中心城区设施临近轨道交通分布指向性突出。不同业态分布差异明显,大型购物中心和商场主要分布在中心城区及外围城区次中心,大型综合超市由中心城区内部向边缘区域扩散趋势明显,大型专业店主要分布在中心城区的边缘区域。影响因素方面,人口、经济和租金因素对其总体分布影响显著为正。不同业态所受影响因素有所不同,除人口等传统影响因素外,与生活中心、产业园或专业市场的临近性也会分别对大型综合超市和大型专业店的空间分布造成显著影响。

关键词: 大型零售商业设施, 空间布局, 业态差异, POI数据, 广州

Abstract:

A study on the spatial distribution and the format difference of large-scale retail business facilities is always essential to the optimization of urban business resources, and using POI (Point of Interest) data instead of traditional survey data increases the preciseness and reliability of the results of such a study. Therefore, taking Guangzhou as an example, based on large-scale retail business facilities POI data and using spatial econometric methods, this paper analyzes spatial distribution characteristics and the influencing factors of the overall distribution and the different format distribution of large-scale retail business facilities to improve relative studies of large-scale retail business facilities and to promote the targeted planning of large-scale retail business facilities further. The results of the case study are as follows: 1) Regarding the spatial distribution characteristics, generally, large-scale retail business facilities in Guangzhou form a multi-central agglomeration, and the degree of agglomeration decreases from the downtown area to the periphery. In addition, large-scale retail business facilities are distributed along the main roads, connecting important business areas to each other. Moreover, they are obviously adjacent to the metro stations in the city center but are not so obvious in the whole city because the city metro system is incomplete. There are differences in the distribution of the three different retail formats. Large-scale shopping malls are distributed mainly in the city center and in the sub-centers of the city and are more adjacent to the metro stations than the other two formats are. The distribution of large-scale supermarkets diffuses from the downtown area to the periphery. Large-scale specialty stores are distributed mainly in the periphery of the downtown area and are more adjacent to the main roads than the other two formats are. 2) Regarding the influencing factors, population, economic development, and rent have a significant effect on the overall distribution and the distribution of the three retail formats. The factors influencing the different formats also have differences. Distance to the city center has a positive impact on both the distribution of large-scale supermarkets and large-scale specialty stores, meaning that their distribution prefers farther location from the city center. Rent has a positive effect on the overall distribution and the distribution of large-scale shopping malls. Road density and proximity to life centers have a positive influence on the distribution of large-scale supermarkets, while proximity to industrial parks and specialized wholesale markets has a positive effect on the distribution of large-scale specialty stores. According to these results, the planning of large-scale retail business facilities should make efforts to meet the different demands of the different retail formats. The efforts include building more large-scale shopping malls in the periphery area with a growing population and rich land resource, building more large-scale supermarkets in the neighborhood of new life centers, and building more specialty stores near relative industrial parks and specialized wholesale markets properly. Through these efforts, the planning of large-scale retail business facilities can be promoted in a more detailed and more effective way.

Key words: large-scale retail business facilities, spatial distribution, format difference, POI data, Guangzhou

中图分类号: 

  • F727