热带地理 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 515-524.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003234

• ·论文· • 上一篇    下一篇

中国高尔夫球场时空演变、影响因素和扩散模式

金万富1(), 何广静2, 陈乐3()   

  1. 1.广东财经大学 地理与旅游学院,广州 510320
    2.中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    3.西安外国语大学 旅游学院 人文地理研究所,西安 710128
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-23 修回日期:2020-02-07 出版日期:2020-05-31 发布日期:2020-06-30
  • 通讯作者: 陈乐 E-mail:jinwanfu0927@163.com;chenle198783@126.com;jinwanfu0927@163.com
  • 作者简介:金万富(1985-)男,江西彭泽人,讲师,主要研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划,(E-mail)jinwanfu0927@163.com;|金万富(1985-)男,江西彭泽人,讲师,主要研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划,(E-mail)jinwanfu0927@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目(20YJC790009);福建省社科规划项目(FJ2017B041)

Spatio-Temporal Evolution, Influencing Factors, and Diffusion Model of Golf Courses in China

Jin Wanfu1(), He Guangjing2, Chen Le3()   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Tourism, Guangdong University of Finance and Economics, Guangzhou 510320, China
    2.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    3.School of Tourism, Research Institute of Human Geography, Xi'an International Studies University, Xi'an 710128, China
  • Received:2019-04-23 Revised:2020-02-07 Online:2020-05-31 Published:2020-06-30
  • Contact: Chen Le E-mail:jinwanfu0927@163.com;chenle198783@126.com;jinwanfu0927@163.com

摘要:

利用空间分析和数理统计等方法探究了1984—2016年中国高尔夫球场数量时空演变、影响因素和扩散模式。结果表明:1)球场数量变化经历了低速增长期、稳定增长期、加速增长期和紧缩期;2)球场空间分布范围经历了扩张期和收缩期,向北、向西扩散较为明显;3)目前球场主要分布在经济发展水平较高且外向型经济突出的长三角、珠三角和环渤海地区;4)人均GDP、人口规模、区域开放程度、交通优势度、气候类型和土地资源稀缺性与球场空间分布均呈显著正相关,其中交通优势度相关系数最大;5)高尔夫球场空间扩散模式兼具接触性扩散和等级性扩散。

关键词: 高尔夫球场, 影响因素, 空间扩散模式, 中国

Abstract:

This study examined the spatial diffusion of golf courses in mainland China from 1984 to 2016 through the application of spatial analysis and mathematical statistics. We found that since the early 1990s, the central government has introduced policies to limit course expansion. However, it was not until 2014 that the rapid national expansion of course construction was brought under control. Overall, the number of courses experienced a low-rate expansion period in 1984—1994, a steady expansion period in 1995—2004, an accelerated expansion period in 2005—2013, and a contraction period in 2014—2016. The spatial distribution of courses has also experienced expansion and contraction periods, with the most significant spreading occurring northward and westward. Golf courses are clearly clustered in China. The Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Bohai Rim region, and capital cities in central and western China that feature relatively high levels of economic development, more outward-looking economies, and dense populations have larger numbers of courses, indicating that the spatial distribution of golf courses in China is affected by socioeconomic factors. Correlation analysis further showed that socioeconomic factors such as per capita GDP, population size, regional openness, and transportation dominance are significantly positively related to the spatial distribution of courses, with transportation dominance having the greatest impact. There were 115 golf courses in six transport hub cities, accounting for 25.96% of the total. It is worth noting that despite the scarcity of land resources in China, local governments are interested in building courses to develop tourism and leisure industries and attract foreign investment. There is also a significant positive relationship between the scarcity of land resources and the spatial distribution of courses. The spatial diffusion model of courses was characterized by a degree of regularity. Specifically, courses first appeared in the coastal areas with developed economies and a high degree of openness to the outside world, and then spread to surrounding and inland areas, demonstrating obvious contact diffusion characteristics. In addition, metropolitan areas first built courses, and then surrounding lower-level cities also built courses in Bohai Rim and the Yangtze River Delta regions. The spatial state model further confirms that golf courses in China present obvious contact and hierarchical diffusion characteristics. This study’s findings promote a better understanding of the spatial diffusion patterns of golf courses in China since the reform and opening up and further enrich the theoretical study of the spatial diffusion of sports culture in Chinese human geography.

Key words: Golf course, influencing factors, spatial diffusion model, China

中图分类号: 

  • G849.32