热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 857-869.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003364

• 行为地理 • 上一篇    

昼伏夜出——广州非洲人的社会适应策略

李亚枝(), 刘立欣()   

  1. 中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-23 修回日期:2021-04-20 出版日期:2021-08-16 发布日期:2021-08-16
  • 通讯作者: 刘立欣 E-mail:liyazhi01@126.com;bei1900bei@126.com
  • 作者简介:李亚枝(1994-),女,云南人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为城市公共空间,(E-mail)liyazhi01@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    广东省自然科学基金自由申请项目(2018A0303130087);广东省软科学研究领域项目(2020A1010020014)

Staggered Time: Social Adaptation Strategies of Africans in Guangzhou

  • Received:2020-12-23 Revised:2021-04-20 Online:2021-08-16 Published:2021-08-16

摘要:

为阐述微观社会情境下移民社会融入的影响因素,以广州非洲人群体中出现的“昼伏夜出”现象为研究对象,在2019年2—4月对广州登峰村开展问卷调查和深度访谈,以获取居民日常行为数据,探讨该现象的成因及其背后的机制。结果表明:在穗非洲人的作息行为存在“时差”,具体表现为群体性的“昼伏夜出”——起床和休息时间点的整体性后移。相关性研究分析表明,这种通过时间交互实现的“昼伏夜出”,与该群体的社交状况、场所互动状况和“对穗态度”密切相关,实质是其采取“浅层融入,深度区隔”社会适应策略的具体手段,也是迁入地对此发出响应的互动结果。通过时间维度上对社区空间的“错峰”使用,非裔有选择地放弃占据、使用和改造社区的部分需求,实现主动区隔;对此,同一空间下的其他群体根据与非裔的互动需求,对自身行为模式作出调整,以此实现登峰村内不同人群间的双向适应。

关键词: 昼伏夜出, 社会适应, 时间社会学, 非洲人, 登峰村

Abstract:

With the emergence of new economic centers around the world, the practice of immigration has gradually moved beyond the traditional dualistic model of "Destination to departure" and been replaced by temporary, short-term settlement. In order to explore the social adaptation strategies of "migratory migrants," this paper expounds the influencing factors of migrants' social integration in a micro-social context. This paper focuses on the phenomenon of "staggered time" among African Americans in Dengfeng village, which was found in the process of investigation. From February to April in 2019, the authors conducted a questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews regarding the phenomenon. Using the measurement sentence system, this study measured and analyzed the phenomenon from the three aspects of cognition, emotion, and behavior, focusing on identity and social integration. After the preliminary conclusion that "staggered time is actually a kind of social division," the score of the measurement sentence system was taken to measure the "degree of division" of African individuals and as the independent variable; the social characteristics of population, social status, duration in Guangzhou, and attitude toward the community were taken as dependent variables. The results of correlation regression analysis show that this kind of social adaptation strategy is closely related to a group's social status, duration in Guangzhou, and attitude toward the community. The essence of this strategy is the specific means of the "shallow integration, deep differentiation" social adaptation strategy, as well as the interactive result of the response of other community groups. Through the strategy of "staggered time," Africans selectively yield part of the demand to occupy, use, and transform the community and realize active separation; in this regard, other groups in Dengfeng Village adjust their own behavior patterns according to the needs of interactions with Africans so as to achieve two-way adaptation among different groups. This paper tentatively puts forth a partition strategy of Africans based on the time dimension, which has a certain reference significance for the future development of urban management and resource allocation in time-related policies.

Key words: staggered time, social adaptation, time and social theory, African, the Dengfeng Village

中图分类号: 

  • C912.3