热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 769-777.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003370

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    

基于生活圈理论的合肥市城市养老服务设施空间配置合理性研究

夏永久a,b(), 邓世玉a,b, 王越a,b   

  1. a.安徽建筑大学 建筑与规划学院,合肥 230022
    b.安徽省城镇化发展研究中心,合肥 230022
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-23 修回日期:2021-05-21 出版日期:2021-08-13 发布日期:2021-08-13
  • 作者简介:夏永久(1979—),男,安徽庐江人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为城市更新,(E-mail)150151816@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    安徽省教育厅高校人文社科研究重点项目(51878003);高校优秀青年人才支持计划重点项目(gxyqZD2016142);高校优秀青年骨干人才国外访问研修重点项目(gxgwfx2018044)

The Rationality of Spatial Allocation of Pension Service Facilities in Hefei City Based on Life Cycle Theory

Yongjiu Xiaa,b(), Shiyu Denga,b, Yue Wanga,b   

  1. a.School of Architecture and Planning, Anhui Jianzhu University, Urbanization Development in Anhui Province, Hefei, 230022, China
    b.Research Center of, Urbanization Development in Anhui Province, Hefei, 230022, China
  • Received:2020-11-23 Revised:2021-05-21 Online:2021-08-13 Published:2021-08-13

摘要:

基于生活圈理论,构建了城市养老服务设施空间配置合理性评价标准,运用GIS空间分析方法,从城市、行政区及街道等不同空间层面对合肥市城市养老服务设施空间分布特征及配置合理性进行分析。研究发现:1)合肥市城市养老供给以社区养老服务为主要类型,城市养老服务设施建设数量和体量在4个行政区间存有较大差异;2)合肥市城市养老服务设施空间分布、配置合理性均由城市中心向外围地区呈圈层式递减,城市新区是养老服务供给的薄弱地段;3)合肥市城市养老服务设施空间配置合理性在街道层面差异更显著,覆盖率相似街道呈现明显的空间聚集特征。

关键词: 生活圈理论, 养老服务设施, 空间配置, 合理性, 合肥市

Abstract:

The size of the elderly population in China has been increasing, and according to UN standards and relevant data, China has entered an aging society. With the aging of the population, residents' pension has become the focus of attention of the public and governments at all levels. Therefore, based on the life cycle theory, this paper considers the index and conversion coefficient of community coverage and elderly population coverage of pension service facilities in Hefei, Anhui Province. The problems existing in the spatial allocation of urban pension service facilities were also examined. This study developed the evaluation criteria for the rationality of spatial allocation of urban elderly service facilities in Hefei and analyzed their construction and spatial distribution characteristics by using GIS spatial methods, such as kernel density and network analysis. The rationality of spatial allocation was evaluated from three different spatial scales—cities, administrative regions, and streets—to provide a theoretical basis for the formulation of optimization measures. The results were as follows: 1) The supply of urban elderly care in Hefei is mainly based on community elderly care services, and the number and volume of care facilities are quite different among the four administrative regions. 2) The spatial distribution and configuration rationality of pension service facilities decrease from the urban center to the surrounding areas. The new urban area is weak in terms of pension service supply. The coverage rate of the elderly population in old urban areas is significantly higher than that in new areas. 3) The rationality of spatial allocation of urban pension service facilities is more significant at the street level, and the coverage of similar streets shows obvious spatial aggregation characteristics. Based on the residential area coverage rate of pension service facilities, this paper proposes the concept of elderly population coverage rate, and establishes the conversion coefficient between the two, which is the innovation of the research method adopted in this study. In addition, the rationality evaluation standard of spatial allocation of pension service facilities is constructed, providing a basis for rationality evaluation analysis. Through a comparative study of different spatial levels of cities, administrative districts, and streets, it was found that the evaluation of spatial allocation rationality of pension service facilities is closely related to the spatial scale: the smaller the spatial scale, the more accurate the evaluation. The results of this study could be useful for relevant research on other similar cities. Further, this study has practical significance for the allocation and layout of urban elderly service facilities. In other words, in the process of constructing the life cycle, the spatial distribution characteristics of service objects should be fully considered in the allocation of public service facilities, and attempts should be made to achieve a high spatial matching between "people" and "facilities".

Key words: life cycle theory, pension service facilities, spatial allocation, rationality, Hefei City

中图分类号: 

  • TU984