热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 668-675.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003373

• 新时期国土空间规划理论、方法与实践(一) • 上一篇    下一篇

对完善国土空间规划编制内容与编制体系的再思考

郝庆()   

  1. 中国社会科学院生态文明研究所,北京 100006
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-06 修回日期:2021-08-02 出版日期:2021-07-05 发布日期:2021-08-13
  • 作者简介:郝庆(1982—),男,河北邢台人,博士,副研究员,研究方向为国土空间规划,资源开发与区域发展,(E-mail)haoqing319@ 163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金重大项目(用途统筹协调管控制度研究20ZDA086);中国社会科学院博士后创新项目(地方品质对区域发展的影响机制研究2020001)

Rethinking the Improvement of the Compilation Content and Planning System of Territorial Spatial Planning

Qing Hao()   

  1. Research Institute for Eco-civilzation, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100006, China
  • Received:2021-06-06 Revised:2021-08-02 Online:2021-07-05 Published:2021-08-13

摘要:

国土空间规划是现代国家为应对发展环境变化而对国土空间进行的优化调整。近年来国内外发展环境发生了深刻变化,呈现全球经济短链化和区域化、生产制造智能化和数字化、社会发展低碳化和绿色化、人口老龄化和少子化等趋势,对中国经济社会发展和国土空间开发保护产生了系统性的深刻影响。国土空间规划必须及时应对:一方面,需要构建国土空间开发保护新格局,协调经济社会发展与国土空间开发相适应,促进人与自然和谐共生,提高经济发展质量和人民生活品质;另一方面,需要进一步完善国土空间规划编制体系,增强国土空间总体规划的战略性,发挥专项规划的专业性,提高详细规划的人本性,编制实施跨区域的国土空间规划,不断完善国土空间治理的体制机制,全面提升国土空间治理能力和治理体系现代化水平。

关键词: 国土空间规划, 空间规划体系, 空间治理, 空间格局, 双循环

Abstract:

Territorial spatial planning is the optimization and adjustment of territories for modern countries in response to environmental changes in development. Since 2018, China has gradually established a territorial spatial planning system and has carried out the compilation of territorial spatial planning. In recent years, significant changes have taken place in the development environment—both domestically and abroad—illustrating the trends of shortened-chains and the regionalization of the global economy, intelligent and digital production and manufacturing, low-carbon and green social development, aging populations, and the presence of minority populations, all of which have a systematic and profound impact on China's economic and social development, as well as territory development and protection. Territorial spatial planning must be a response to the prevailing context timely. On one hand, China has a vast territory, a large population, obvious regional differences, and a huge market space. Therefore, it is necessary to build a new pattern of territory development and protection to coordinate both economic and social development and territory development, promote the matching between humans and nature, and improve the quality of economic development and people's quality of life. Territorial spatial planning should (1) support the "dual circulation" pattern with the domestic cycle as the main body and improve the efficiency of the national economy; (2) strengthen the comprehensive competitiveness and innovation capabilities of urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas to increase the carrying capacity of populations and industries; (3) build a new type of infrastructure that adapts to the new development concept; (4) and reconstruct the spatial patterns to respond to demographic changes. On the other hand, it is necessary to further improve the territorial spatial planning system, enhance the strategy of overall spatial planning, give full play to the professionalism of special planning, improve the humanistic nature of detailed planning, formulate and implement cross-regional spatial planning, improve the institutional mechanism of continuous spatial governance, and comprehensively improve the capacity of spatial governance and the modernization level of the governance system.

Key words: territorial spatial planning, spatial planning system, spatial governance, spatial patterns, "dual circulation"

中图分类号: 

  • F301.2