热带地理 ›› 2013, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 156-163.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

珠三角地区人口分布时空格局及其变化特征

游 珍1,王 露1,2,封志明1,杨艳昭1   

  1. (1.中国科学院 地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049)
  • 出版日期:2013-03-30 发布日期:2013-03-30
  • 基金资助:
    科技基础工作专项(2011FY110400)

Spatio-Temporal Pattern and Variation Characteristics of Population Distribution at County Level in the Pearl River Delta

YOU Zhen,WANG Lu,FENG Zhiming,YANG Yanzhao   

  • Online:2013-03-30 Published:2013-03-30

摘要: 采用人口增减变化、人口商度以及人口集聚度等方法,对珠三角地区1982、1990、2000和2010年4期人口普查数据进行了分析,定量揭示了珠三角地区近30年来人口分布的时空格局及其变化特征。结果表明:1)从人口总量变化来看,1982―2010年珠三角地区人口数量增加了3 821.66万人,增长率达215.61%,远超全国平均水平;2)从人口流动状态看,1982―2010年珠三角地区以人口流入为主,其中珠三角的中部以及东部城市成为人口流入的主要地区,人口迁移流入是珠三角地区总人口增加、人口集聚程度增高的主要原因之一,但近10年珠三角地区的人口流入速率有所减缓;3)从人口集聚度上看,1982―2010年珠三角地区县市人口集聚程度普遍高于全国平均水平,并逐年增高,深圳、广州、东莞等市已成为区域人口集聚中心。

关键词: 人口分布, 人口流动, 时空格局, 珠三角

Abstract: The Pearl River Delta (PRD) is one of the regions with fastest economic development in China. The process of population concentration and decentralization in this region has been being focused by researchers. In this study, based on the population census data in the PRD from 1982 to 2010, we analyzed the growth and reduction of population, the concentration level of population and stability of population so as to investigate the change of spatial pattern of the population’s concentration and decentralization. The results showed that: (1) The growth rate of population from 1982 to 2010 in the PRD was 215.61%, which far exceeded the growth rate averaged over the whole country; (2) The population increased more significantly in the middle and east parts of PRD; (3) The population agglomerating level in the PRD was greater than that in the whole country. The city of Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan had become the cluster centers in PRD; (4) More and more floating population moved into PRD, especially in the middle and east parts, from 1982 to 2010. The increasing population and agglomerating level of population in the study region were mainly due to this influx. However, the rate of the influx in PRD slowed down in the past decade.

Key words: the Pearl River Delta, population distribution, population flow, spatio-temporal pattern