热带地理 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 253-259.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002815

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国海滩养护与海滩经济对中国 滨海旅游产业发展的启示

任 航1,杨 钿1,张振克1,蒋大亮1,任则沛1,谢 丽2   

  1. (1.南京大学 海岸与海岛开发教育部重点实验室//中国南海研究协同创新中心,南京 210093; 2.广东财经大学 地理与旅游学院,广州 510320)
  • 出版日期:2016-03-31 发布日期:2016-03-31
  • 通讯作者: 张振克(1964―),男,河南人,教授,博士,主要从事海岸地貌与沉积环境研究,(E-mail)zhangzk@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:任航(1992―),男,河南人,硕士研究生,主要从事人文地理、海洋环境方面研究,(E-mail)renhangnju@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371024)

Development of Beach Nourishment and Beach Economy in the United States and Its Implications for China’s Coastal Tourism

REN Hang1,YANG Tian1,ZHANG Zhenke1,JIANG Daling1,REN Zepei1,XIE Li2   

  1. (1.The Key Laboratory of Coast and Island Development of Ministry of Education//Collaborative Innovation Center of South China Sea Studies,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China;2.School of Geography and Tourism,Guangdong University of Finance & Economics,Guangzhou 510320,China)
  • Online:2016-03-31 Published:2016-03-31

摘要: 根据美国最新的海滩经济和旅游研究的数据资料,分析了其海滩养护的概况、管理、对滨海旅游经济增长的贡献和当前面临的困境,对照分析了中国滨海旅游产业发展所面临的海岸侵蚀加剧、海滩环境污染、海滩养护投入力度不够、政府职能分散、旅游开发破坏公众利益等一系列问题,借鉴美国海滩旅游开发经验并结合中国实际情况,分别从海滩养护、海滩开发研究与评估、政府管理、动态监测几个层面提出中国未来海滩旅游开发的建议。

关键词: 海滩养护, 海滩经济, 滨海旅游, 开发建议, 美国

Abstract: According to the latest US beach economy and tourism research data, this paper analyzes the status, management system of beach nourishment, and its contribution to the economic growth of coastal tourism in United States. Also analyzes the difficulties which American coastal tourism are currently facing with. It shows that, as an important natural resource, sandy beach brought huge economic benefits to tourism development. However, the coastal tourism development in China has been facing with many problems such as increasing coastal erosion, beach pollution, inadequate investment in beach nourishment, tourism development undermine the public interests etc. Lastly, this paper discuss the future direction of China’s coastal tourism in the four following aspects, beach nourishment, beach development research and evaluation, government management and dynamic monitoring, on the base of comparing the US beach tourism development experience and the present coastal tourism situation in China.

Key words: beach nourishment, beach economy, coastal tourism, development suggestions, the United States