TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 532-540.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002710

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Perceptions and Attitudes of the Residents Taking Residence in Gated Communities towards Gating in Guangzhou, China

FENG Dan1,Werner Breitung2   

  1. (1.School of Tourism Management//Cultural Industry and Cultural Geography Research Center,South China Normal University,Guangzhou 510631,China;2.Department of Urban Planning and design,Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University,Suzhou 215123,China)
  • Online:2015-07-03 Published:2015-07-03

Abstract:

Gated communities, one of new pattern of residential settlements, have been springing up around the United States since the early 1980s. Gated communities are also spread to China during the particular era of globalization, social transition and the reform of housing policy. It has almost become the fixed mode of new residential projects, especially in suburban areas. Though gated communities in China share the similar characteristics with those in America, the local tradition and social contexts are quite distinct. This study explores the mechanisms of gating in China through the demand perspective by empirically examining three gated communities in Guangzhou, China. Drawing on factor analysis and ANOVA analysis, the dimensions of perception and the factors that have influence on the different dimensions are unraveled. Perceptions towards gating are constructed around spatial consequence, spatial belonging and social segregation, and spatial belongings are identified by the residents living in gated communities while social segregation is not perceived. The general attitude toward walls and gates is quite positive which to some extent indicating the development of gated communities in China reflects the market choice. The results differ from the United States or South Africa et al in that class and racial problems in those countries are not evident in urban China.

Key words: gated community, demand, spatial belongings, social segregation, Guangzhou