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  • WANG Jiao’e,JIAO Jingjuan
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2014, 34(3): 275-282.
    Baidu(7)

    High speed rail (HSR) is an important part of modern transport infrastructure. The construction of HSR network induces the spatio-temporal convergence and further influences the movement of production elements, the expansion of urban areas as well as the reorganization of regional spatial structure. The paper first analyzes the development process and mode of China’s HSR network, and then explores the characteristics of spatial distribution pattern as well as the coupling relationship with population and economy. Finally, the paper researches the spatial effects of HSR network with GIS method, in terms of the service areas of HSR, time-space convergence effects, and core cities’ commuting regions. Results indicate that: 1)The spatial expansion of HSR in China shows a “core-core” pattern in the early years and then a “core-network” pattern, which is closely related with the distribution of cluster cities; 2) The spatial pattern of HSR is inclined to serve the urban population and industry output, with 50.07% urban population, 73.47% GDP and 98.17% industry output value in 1 hour catchment area; 3) The HSR network leads to an uneven time-space convergence, and cities along the main HSR lines have relatively lower average travel time, showing a corridor effect; Meanwhile, the accessibility of hub cities are improved greatly, which leads to the expansion of hinterlands and convenient movement of production elements as well as the integration of cities in megalopolis.

  • WANG Changjian, ZHANG Hong’ou, WANG Fei, YE Yuyao, WU Kangmin, XU Qian, DU Zhiwei
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2018, 38(6): 759-770. https://doi.org/10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003078
    Cities are the main sources of carbon emissions throughout the world, which are also the major components in the implementation of carbon mitigation measures. Examining and understanding the features and drivers of carbon emissions in cities is considered a fundamental step for implementing “low carbon city” strategies and actions. Based on the apparent energy consumption data, a systematic and comprehensive city-level total carbon accounting approach was established and applied in Guangzhou City. A newly extended LMDI method based on the Kaya identity was adopted to examine the main drivers for carbon emissions increments both at the industrial sectors and the residential sectors. Economic, population and energy data were collected from the Guangdong Province Statistical Yearbook (2004-2014) and Guangzhou City Statistical Yearbook (2004-2014). The main contribution of our paper is providing an in depth analysis of energy-related carbon emissions at city level considering multiple factors in regional China. This paper also provides temporal variations in the influence factors of carbon emission over a period between 2003 and 2013. Research results show that coal consumption was still the main contributor to energy-related carbon emissions during the whole research period, while oil consumption played relatively important and positive effect on energy consumption structure optimization and carbon emissions mitigation. In addition, imported electricity played an important role in the energy consumption system in Guangzhou. Manufacturing industries and service industries were the main carbon emitting sectors in Guangzhou during the period from 2003 to 2014. Contributions of manufacturing industries for carbon emissions decreased gradually, while contributions of service industries for carbon emissions performed an increasing trend in recent years. The influences and impacts of various driving factors on industrial and residential carbon emissions are different in the three different development periods, namely, the 10th five-year plan period (2003-2005), the 11th five-year plan period (2005-2010), and the 12th five-year plan period (2010-2013). Affluence effect was the dominant positive effect in driving emissions increase, while energy intensity effect of production, economic structure effect and carbon intensity effect of production were the main contributing factors suppressing emissions growth at the industrial sector. Affluence effect of urban areas was the most dominant positive driving factor on emissions increment, while energy intensity effect of urban areas played the most important role in curbing emissions growth at the residential sector. Solving these issues effectively will be of great help for Guangzhou’s sustainable development.
  • LI Zhiwen,LI Baosheng,SUN Li,WANG Fengnian
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2015, 35(2): 179-185.

    The climate changed frequently in eastern China during Holocene, that caused significant migration of the mammals for several times. The common species of the mammalian fauna mainly lived in subtropical zone, only a few tropical species such as Hylobates, Elephas maximus, Megatapirus augustus and Rhinoceros sinensis, were mainly distributed in tropical zone and south-subtropical zone, indicating a forest environment with tropical climate features in the south of mid-subtropical zone. Studying the faunal composition and geographic distribution characteristics in different phases of Holocene in South China, this paper inferred the climate variation in different phases of Holocene according to the distribution of the tropical species and their far-north living boundary. The results were as follows: the climate gradually turned warmer after the last glacial epoch in Holocene, the north boundary of the southern mid-subtropical zone moved southwards by nearly 2 latitude degrees during 14 000- 12 000 a BP, the mean temperature of January in this period was about 3-5℃ lower than that today. The transitionally warm period was 12 000-8 500 a BP, when the climate was approaximately similar to that of today. The Megathermal period was from 8 500-5 000 a BP. With the north boundary at Qinling-Huaihe, and the mean temperature was about 7-9℃ higher than today’s in January. The transitionally cold period was 5 000-3 000 a BP, the north boundary reached the Yangtze River Basin, and the temperature was about 5-6℃ higher than today’s in January. Then from 3 000 a BP, the climate was getting colder, and the north boundary of the zone retreated southwards. Those phenomena suggested the significant changes of the climatic zone and the bio-climate variations in Holocene.

  • 交通建设与城市发展
    GUI Yaoyao, ZHU Xigang
    . 2010, 30(2): 188-193.
    借鉴国外成功的城市副中心建设案例,总结其在政策、交通、综合设施、景观环境等方面的经验.基于上版南京总规对河西副中心的功能定位,在新版总规纲要背景下,探讨河西在实际发展过程中存在的过度追求区域性CBD、生活设施不配套以及现状交通不便等问题,分析其根本原因在于决策的超前性和实际建设中缺少"人本性"相矛盾,提出河西建设要与主中心错位发展及正确定位,增强其综合性等建议,同时给下一步的城市分区规划提供参考,也给国内其他城市的副中心建设以启示.
  • 理论与方法研究
    LIU Kai, LI Xia, WANG Shu-gong, QIAN Jun-ping, ZHONG Kai-wen
    . 2005, 25(2): 111-116.
    应用多种规则相结合的专家系统方法,对珠江口地区3个时相的遥感图像进行分类,得到3个时相的红树林面积变化和空间分布变化.结果表明,从1988年到2002年珠江口地区红树林的整体面积变化是一种先降低再增长的趋势,但红树林类型由分散分布的天然林转变为集中分布的人工林,除淇澳岛、深圳河口地区还有大片的红树林外,其它地区的红树林基本消失.
  • 论文
    LI Xiaoyun, TIAN Yinsheng, CHEN Jintang
    . 2011, 31(6): 575-579.
    从我国老龄化的社会背景出发,分析了城市“人口红利”优势的弱化、老龄产业的兴起与发展、老年住房供需矛盾突出、老年社会角色的延续与转换等相关性特征.认为我国城市管理者或规划师应前瞻性地认识中国老龄化社会发展趋势,对城市规划从城市发展策略、用地布局、交通组织、社区规划、公众参与等过程作出应对性的调整,制定适合老年主体人群的城市规划体系,以维护社会各阶层的合法利益,体现出城市规划的公共政策性.
  • Junjun Zhou, Gang Li, Dandan Hong, Feng Xu, Jiahui Xu, Yue Yu, Xiliang Chen
    Tropical Geography. 2022, 42(9): 1430-1442. https://doi.org/10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003542

    As a crime that threatens public safety and social stability, child trafficking has attracted widespread attention from all sectors of society. Few studies have been conducted on child trafficking, especially in the literature review conducted from the perspective of comparison between China and abroad, which makes it difficult to fully reveal the system and development of current research. This study clarifies the thematic structure and development of child trafficking in China and abroad, based on the "Web of ScienceTM Core Collection" and CNKI data sources, using CiteSpace software. Specifically, the study comparatively examines the progress of child trafficking studies in China and abroad since 2000 and analyzes future development trends from the time of publication, regional and subject distribution, research institutions, and keyword co-occurrence. We hope that this work provides a relatively complete and objective understanding for innovative future research. The results indicate that: (1) the research on child trafficking started earlier abroad, and the theoretical system and research methods are relatively mature. From 2000 to 2020, a total of 215 articles were published in Web of Science, showing two stages of fluctuating and rapid growth, and USA ranks first worldwide. There are 46 core articles published in CNKI, showing two stages of initial exploration and fluctuating growth overall, with a relatively slow growth rate in China. More studies are distributed in the fields of social studies, psychology, pediatrics, family studies and criminology in abroad, while domestic studies are mainly distributed in the field of law, criminology and sociology. In recent years, the research in the field of geography has risen rapidly, and there is ample room for development. (2) Due to the differences in regional environment and national conditions, international child trafficking is part of a study on human trafficking, which is mainly for the purpose of exploitation, including direct and indirect exploitation, involving various topics such as commercial sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, trafficking human organs, child marriage trafficking, and other types of trafficking. Commercial trafficking and sexual exploitation are the main research hotspots of child trafficking. Child trafficking in China is usually discussed in combination with the trafficking of women, focusing on the provincial trafficking for the purpose of adoption, and "family control" and "lured adoption" are common ways of committing crimes. The legal policy and social reasons surrounding child trafficking are hot topics of concern. (3) With the increase in interdisciplinary integration, child trafficking involves suicide risk and well-being, rehabilitation and return to society, child protection and trafficking prevention and control measures, which have become popular topics abroad. The theme of domestic child trafficking has extended from focusing on legal policies and social reasons to spatial-temporal patterns, influencing factors, resettlement, and social integration. In the future, how to integrate the relevant parties involved in child trafficking (criminals, victims or guardians, and other people) with the spatio-temporal environment (social environment, built environment, and surrounding people flow environment), and explore the evolution of geographical factors and the spatio-temporal activity trajectory of child trafficking from the perspective of criminal geography? It is important to deeply analyze the occurrence mechanism of child trafficking from the interactive perspective of time, space, and humans. How to make full use of the modern technological means to track and combat child trafficking in practice, to contribute to the prevention and management of this issue at home and abroad, constitutes a key question.

  • 可持续发展研究
    WANG Wei-chen, HUANG Shao-hui
    . 1999, 19(3): 258-263.
    介于旅游博彩业在澳门经济社会中的特殊地位,在澳门回归前夕,对其过去、现状和未来进行综合研究分析,对于澳门未来的恰切定位及增进外界对澳门的了解,意义重大.本文在对澳门的旅游发展历史、旅游资源、旅游市场现状以及旅游业在现阶段澳门经济社会中的角色定位进行研究分析的基础上,提出了澳门旅游业可持续发展所面临的问题与对策、机遇与挑战、合作与发展思路.并以香港为参照系,论述澳门旅游业的发展前景和合理定位.
  • CHENG Shunqi,QI Xinhua,JIN Xingxing,LI Damou,LIN Han
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2016, 36(1): 122-131. https://doi.org/10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002795
    Baidu(1)
    One of the important reasons for the recent divergence in and outside our country is the gap among the levels of public service. As the carriers of the public service, the scientific and effective space layout of public service facilities is significant to realize the equalization of public service. This paper is a review of public service facilities spatial layout research at home and abroad. According to the time sequence, we discuss the progress in spatial layout studies from the research perspective, method and topics. The results show that: the theme of the foreign research experiences an evolution from layout pattern, space layout of the equality, and accessibility to spatial layout of the social differentiation and its formation mechanism; the perspective of foreign research develops from pure quantitative geography to multi-interdisciplinary subject crossing other subjects such as economics and sociology; the method develops from model establishment to integration of GIS and other methods. There exist significant gaps between the research in China and that in foreign countries. In China, the interdisciplinary mixture is insufficient. The methods are mainly derived from abroad on the whole. The theme of the study is narrow. We put forward some suggestions for future research: expand the connotation of accessibility and the connotation of fairness metrics to measure the equality, integrate multiple facilities layout based on the people-oriented idea, pay more attention to the promptness and variability of facilities, make full use of big data to carry out empirical research on small scale, realize equalization of public service facilities under the background of balancing the urban and rural areas.
  • 研究方法
    Liao Chongbin
    . 1999, 19(2): 171-177.
    环境与经济的协调发展是实现可持续发展的重要途径.文中通过对协调、发展及协调发展这3个概念的定义和论述,分别推导出协调度和协调发展度的计算模型,并用协调度和协调发展度的大小等作为评判标准,将环境与经济协调发展状况划分为从简洁到详细不同的 3个层次,共30种基本类型.最后还以珠江三角洲城市群为评价对象,给出了上述计算方法和分类体系的应用实例,同时证明其可靠性.
  • Original Paper
    YOU Zhen,WANG Lu,FENG Zhiming,YANG Yanzhao
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2013, 33(2): 156-163.
    The Pearl River Delta (PRD) is one of the regions with fastest economic development in China. The process of population concentration and decentralization in this region has been being focused by researchers. In this study, based on the population census data in the PRD from 1982 to 2010, we analyzed the growth and reduction of population, the concentration level of population and stability of population so as to investigate the change of spatial pattern of the population’s concentration and decentralization. The results showed that: (1) The growth rate of population from 1982 to 2010 in the PRD was 215.61%, which far exceeded the growth rate averaged over the whole country; (2) The population increased more significantly in the middle and east parts of PRD; (3) The population agglomerating level in the PRD was greater than that in the whole country. The city of Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan had become the cluster centers in PRD; (4) More and more floating population moved into PRD, especially in the middle and east parts, from 1982 to 2010. The increasing population and agglomerating level of population in the study region were mainly due to this influx. However, the rate of the influx in PRD slowed down in the past decade.
  • LIU Mingda,MENG Jijun,LIU Bihan
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2014, 34(2): 248-258.

    Much attention in the world has been paid to study of Carbon emission. The reliability of carbon emission data depends on the reasonability of estimating method. In recent years progress has been made in research of carbon emission estimating methods. This paper discussed different carbon emission inventories of IPCC and China in theory, analyzed the pros and cons of three main approaches of estimating carbon emission as well as their appropriate objects, which are emission-factor approach, mass-balance approach, and experiment approach. Then in practice, the paper set out the inventories of carbon emission and the estimating approaches based on five spatial scales of units, which are country/province, city, settlement, individual building and family. Summarizing the existing research results, the paper put up a frame and a paradigm of carbon emission research. The main conclusions can be drawn as follows: 1) such a situation has been formed that IPCC leads the examination of carbon emission with many other agencies taking part in. The research area has had now much clearer framework, better approaches and broader appropriate scope. 2) The inventory and estimating approaches given by IPCC have been used in studying different spatial scales of units. Some new branches of learning are generated when they are used in city unit. 3) The study of carbon emission estimation still has problems, such as the disequilibrium of the studies on different spatial scale units that leads to less attention to be paid to the study of meso-scale units, the defects of the estimation methods themselves, and the external limitation of data acquisition, etc. 4) China has produced the inventory which is suitable for her own situation. In addition, a lot of progress in China have been made in the examinations of historic carbon emissions, regional differences of carbon emissions, and carbon emissions from natural ecosystems. But the problems of lacking in innovation of theory, less improvement of research methods and limitation in data obtaining still exist.

  • Articles
    DENG Mao-ying, XIE Li, LIN Xiao-hua
    . 2000, 20(1): 32-37.
    Baidu(43)
    居民出行调查是城市交通规划、建设、管理的基础依据,通过对比分析广州市1998年万户居民出行调查和1984年居民出行调查的有关数据, 总结归纳出广州市城市居民出行的规律、变化特征及其原因,并针对其特点,提出广州市未来交通发展的对策和建议.
  • 区域发展研究
    LI Wen-ling, CHEN Jian-long
    . 2008, 28(4): 363-368.
    Baidu(1)
    通过对广州城市交通现状尤其是结合对地铁交通的土地利用与居民出行情况进行调查,指出地铁实施TOD战略具有诱导城市空间结构重组、加快城区更新与土地置换的步伐、推进对地下空间开发、吸引居民出行等作用.同时发现广州地铁尚存在如下问题:地铁与常规公交衔接不畅;地铁沿线预留地太少,地下空间没有有效利用;地铁票价过高,通勤出行率低;线路规划缺乏全面考虑,站点布置不合理,换乘繁琐.据此提出规划建设地铁环线的设想与具体措施,希望能为未来广州地铁TOD的顺利实施提供借鉴与参考.
  • 城市问题探讨
    . 2002, 22(2): 125-129.
    Baidu(20)
    探讨了西方"绅士化运动"的概念、起源及其发展演变的动力机制,着重分析了"绅士化运动"对原住居民的影响以及城市地方政府在"绅士化运动"中的作用,认为"绅士化运动"对我国当前的旧城更新具有重要的启示与借鉴作用.文中建议在编制旧城更新规划时开展关于旧城更新项目对原住居民影响的专项研究,以保障社会公平的实现.
  • Articles
    LIAO Kaihuai, LI Lixun, ZHANG Hong'ou
    . 2012, 32(2): 160-166.
    Baidu(3)
    在地理学“文化和空间转向”背景下,城市社会文化的关注渐渐成为城市研究和文化地理学研究中的热点.文中选择以茶楼为代表的传统茶文化消费和以星巴克为代表的新兴咖啡文化消费空间的冲突与变化为视角,结合问卷调查和深度访谈对以星巴克为代表的外来消费文化现象进行分析,从文化行为与心态层面归纳总结广州城市文化消费空间的重构及其内在机制.研究表明:在全球化影响下,星巴克咖啡消费空间的兴起,在广州培育了以中产阶级和学生为主的一批忠实的消费群体,对传统茶文化空间产生一定的冲击,伴随的是消费者“符号化”消费心理的膨胀及追求生活第
  • LUO Ti,LIU Yanfang,KONG Xuesong
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2014, 34(2): 266-274.
    Baidu(5)

    The correlation and interaction between urbanization and ecological environment changing, is geared to the important topic of the comprehensive research for the sustainable development of human and natural process. Based on the theory of system coupling, this paper regards the collection of various urban cultural elements with the characteristics of urbanization and the collection of all kinds of natural elements of the ecological environment as two systems which are independent but influence each other, and summarizes recent progress in the relationship between urbanization and eco-environment change from the perspective of theory and methodology respectively. Chinese scholars not only analyze the system coupling relationship and evolution rule between urbanization and eco-environment change, and evaluate the coupling mechanism of inter-elements and inter-system quantitatively, but also put forward approach to realize the coordination between urbanization and eco-environment. Overall speaking, the contents of domestic researches show the multi-dimensional characteristics in the contained factors and the involved subjects. The diversification methods, especially the “3S” technology and multiple quantitative analytical methods are used to obtain the statistics and analysis data effectively, to reveal the mutual influence of urbanization and ecological environment change, and to predict the evolution trend of the future. The research objects show regional features obviously. The developed areas and the areas with fragile eco-environment are always the research focuses. The peri-urban areas are being paid more and more attention. Some researches focus on the eco-environmental influence of the urbanization of many rural areas. But the theoretical and methodology basis has been weak relatively because these researches still stay at groping stage. At the same time, the lack of quantitative evaluation index system and the hysteresis passivity of relevant researches will block the research progress. In the future, the coupling theory of urbanization and ecological environment system framework and method system, the index system of observation and evaluation, the warning mechanism, and the urban ecological space expansion and optimization methods will be the main research directions. In addition, the exchanges and cooperation of different subjects should be strengthened, to provide more solid foundation for the research of urbanization and eco-environment system coupling.

  • 理论与方法研究
    YANG Li-hui, YE Wei, ZHU Li-dong, LI Feng-quan, SHEN Ye-qin
    . 2005, 25(4): 293-297.
    Baidu(7)
    通过对目前中国南方红土的不同测年方法和测年结果的详细对比和总结,得出南方第四纪红土不同层次的年代序列.上覆黄土沉积时间小于100kaBP;均质红土介于100~400kaBP;网纹红土400~80kaBP;下伏砾石层年龄大于800 ka BP.
  • 城市问题探讨
    . 2002, 22(2): 134-137.
    Baidu(5)
    影响澳门发展的环境因素有:地少人多,淡水资源缺乏,小区环境污染等.但澳门有着优越自然条件,地位特殊,交织着东西方的文化色彩,是联系欧、非的桥头,发展前景非常好.如果澳门利用好自己的优越条件,按可持续发展的思路建设,克服不利因素,开发离岛,拓宽旅游环境,则澳门一定会成为更富饶美丽的海滨城.
  • 理论与方法研究
    JIN Mei-juan, ZHANG Zhi-bin
    . 2006, 26(2): 134-138,172.
    Baidu(17)
    回顾了国内外城市空间结构研究的理论进展,主要评述了不同历史时期研究的主要内容和理论观点.国外研究经历的形态研究、功能研究、人文关怀到空间机制的研究,反映出国外空间结构理论体系的日益完善;相比之下,国内自20世纪90年代中期以来,城市空间结构的研究热点才不断增多,研究内容更加丰富多样.但在学科建设、研究内容和研究方法上,国内外仍然存在较大差距.最后提出了中国城市空间结构研究的发展方向和研究热点.
  • 论文
    WU Qing, ZHONG Shiyu
    . 2011, 31(4): 409-415.
    Baidu(5)
    城市增长边界(Urban Growth Boundary,简称UGB)调控空间的规划理念,被视为控制城市蔓延、实现精明增长的空间管理工具.在总结UGB提出背景、基本内涵、理论基础、划定方法、划定目标及其在国外实践经验等基础上,探讨了UGB中国化的必要性和重要性.针对中国尚缺乏明确的UGB规划技术规范和管理政策措施,提出UGB中国化首先应该在规划理念上认清其作为技术措施和空间管理政策的本质与作用;其次在编制技术上,需在区域土地信息系统支持下,根据正向需求与逆向控制相结合的制定方法划定科学合理的UGB;最后在
  • ZHONG Yexi,BAO Shuming
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2014, 34(5): 591-598.
    Baidu(3)

    The space-time analysis of spatial distribution of religious sites can provide the insightful information about the formation and diffusion mechanism of religious landscapes. As an important part of religious landscapes, religious sites are the focus of religious geography researches. To reveal the law of temporal evolution of Chinese religious landscapes, the methods of mathematical statistics and spatial analysis are used in this paper. Based on the data of religious sites from the economic census in China, this paper analyzed the spatial distribution of Buddhism, Taoism, Islam and Christianity in the 342 cities of mainland China, which may reveal the future trends of religious landscapes in China. The results from those analysis show that: 1) All religions have experienced significant growth since 1978; 2) There’s an unbalanced development of religions with significant differences over the space and time in China; 3) Different expansion modes and expansion strategies adopted by different religions, dominated the temporal evolution of the spatial pattern of religion. The spatial structure of the dominated religion changes significantly. 4) Different models of religious development existed in different regions. There are different religious landscapes between the Han areas and ethnic minority areas. The phenomena of over- agglomerate and rapid expansion exist in different religion. Different development modes are also showed in deffernet religion. Those research results from this paper may help a better understanding of the future trends of religious landscape in China and provide the reference for religious policies.

  • 区域发展研究
    ZHENG Zhi-qing
    . 2005, 25(3): 243-247.
    Baidu(7)
    运用景观生态学方法,通过实地调查和统计分析,对广州市居住区的环境绿化现状、问题进行了研究和分析,认为居住区绿地指标多数未达标,绿化类型简单,绿地布局不合理,树种的选择单调、雷同和绿化管理水平较低,并就此提出要重视搞好居住区绿化规划设计,确保绿化达标、绿地类型多样和布局合理,完善点、线、面的绿地系统,要选择多样的树种,合理配置,加强绿化宣传和管理等建议和对策.
  • Zhang Kaihuang, Qian Qinglan
    Tropical Geography. 2020, 40(3): 396-407. https://doi.org/10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003252

    The Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has collapsed the world’s economy. A discussion of the reaction to structural and regional policies is imperative for the Chinese government because the implementation of policies is limited. As the state of the stock market indicates the direction of the economy, the financial reports of some enterprises from China’s Stock market for the first quarter of 2020 were collected and analyzed. This was the period in which the productivity of the enterprises were severely impacted by the coronavirus pandemic with respect to industry, actors’ scale, and region. The results show: 1) Except agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishery, all other industries had lesser profit and limited operating cash flow, and their balance sheets had deteriorated. The services industry faced more challenges than the others. The behavioral decisions made by individuals, the governmental policies for lock-down, and the nature of industries were responsible for these detrimental changes; 2) The companies with small and medium market value were affected more than big enterprises. In Q1, big companies made more profits, optimized their operating cash flows, and stabilized their balance sheets. This is mainly because of the difference of operating ability among actors and the Matthew effect; 3) Owing to the differences in the population structure and land price in different regions, the manufacture, service, and building and estate industries faced greater challenges in the developed provinces than in the less developed regions. The pandemic adversely affected the finance industry in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangdong; however, it showed improvement in Jiangsu. It has been observed that the financial structure in regions, and operating ability of companies were the main reasons for the negative impact on the finance industry. The medical industry was affected but progressed in areas with better industrial basement. This was because the demand for certain medicines and devices peaked during the period and the areas with better industrial base played more important role in fighting the virus. In this context, the authors discussed the two approaches: “Adopting a more proactive fiscal policy and deeply optimizing financial environment of enterprises,” and “Choosing policies implements regionally.” It can be argued that unilateral expansion of demand will result in a larger gap between demand and supply. This is disadvantageous because the global production system mainly depends on the manufacturing industry in China. The government should not only focus on resumption, but also start investment of new or traditional infrastructures. Moreover, owing to the uncertainty of the market, the factors that improve the balance sheet are few. Therefore, helping more entities by financial market and making the social capital more active have become the priorities for the government. In order to improve the manufacturing and service industry, undeveloped regions are encouraged to expand job opportunities, and the residents in developed regions are encouraged to consume more services and decrease the operating costs of the service industry. This can positively contribute to restoring the economy. Some measures adopted to benefit financial and building and estate industries are encouraging local commercial banks in medium-sized and small cities to provide loans to Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs), boost infrastructure construction in developed regions, and loosen control of estate development. The policy makers of the medical industry were advised to focus on long-term development. Optimizing the financial environments for SMEs in medical industry and developing a multi-core, nation-wide distribution of industry are necessary for China.

  • Original Paper
    LI Yan
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2013, 33(6): 756-765.
    The rising of Macao in the Middle and Later Periods of the Ming Dynasty was an inevitable outcome since the Ming Government carried out very special foreign trade policy, although Macao was selected by Portuguese occasionally after they went through many changes. The paper tries to explore as a very tiny area why Macao could become a very important port of transshipment in the east-west trade at that time based on the particular tribute trade in the Ming Dynasty, and specially focuses on the influence of Guangzhou and economic relations between Macao and Guangzhou. In addition, the study analyzes the similarities and differences of Macao, Guangzhou and Yuegang, which were the only three open ports in the Later Periods of the Ming Dynasty, from the perspective of national trade. It is believed that the rising of Macao was largely benefited from the restrictions of Tribute Trade Policy of the Ming Dynasty to private foreign trade and traditional port development. Furthermore, Guangzhou had advantage in national foreign trade but shortage in some port functions, that helped Macao to establish the biggest international trade framework in the world at that time to play a role equivalent to an outer port of Guangzhou.
  • 研究综述
    GAO Junbo, SU Hua
    . 2010, 30(1): 8-12,29.
    Baidu(12)
    对西方城市公共服务设施供给研究进展及理论脉络进行梳理.结果表明:战后西方国家城市公共服务设施供给研究历经3个阶段:二战后至70年代,基于公共物品理论和社会公共服务的政府单中心供给模式,布局区位及影响机制是城市公共服务设施研究的重点;70-90年代,从公共服务的双主体联合供给理论出发,重在探讨城市公共服务设施供给的空间公平;90年代以来,在公共服务多元供给理论基础上,从社会结构的深层次视角研究公共服务设施供给的可达性差异及社会空间分异.最后,从深化公共服务供给体制改革、明确公共服务设施的市场化范围、与城市空
  • 历史与文化地理
    WANG Bin, ZHU Hong
    . 2007, 27(6): 574-579.
    Baidu(7)
    明清时期,回族从西北、华北、华中、江南、东北及周边省份迁移而来广东.从职业看,多为驻防军士、任职官员及其家眷,亦有来粤经商、游教及被流放人员;从迁移性质看,多系受政府支配,甚至是被迫迁移的.来粤回族主要集中在以广州为中心的珠江三角洲地区和以肇庆为中心的西江一带,其它地区亦有零星分布.他们在城市自成街区,在农村独成村落.展转来粤的回族人士因种种缘由后来又继续迁移,甚或迁往省内外及港澳等地区.对明清时期广东回族来源及分布的研究有助于理解当今文化全球化背景下广州乃至全省多元文化相融并蓄的文化格局和区域(城市)文
  • Original Paper
    YAN Hui,WU Guoxi,LI Jingzhong,LI Dong
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2013, 33(2): 219-223.
    Baidu(5)
    The use of magnetic susceptibility characteristics of the urban road dust to reflect the city's pollution is an important part of the environmental magnetic studies. The results of road dust magnetic susceptibility of Xuchang city show that: Road dust magnetic susceptibility ranges from 98.33~600.92×10-8 m3·kg-1, and the average value is 319.72× 10-8 m3·kg-1, frequency magnetic susceptibility ranges from 0.20~5.94%, with an average of 1.92%. The high magnetic susceptibility values and the low frequency magnetic susceptibility suggest that road dust has less super paramagnetic particles content, and the high magnetic susceptibility is mainly caused by the magnetic particle deposition due to human activities. Spatial characters of road dust magnetic susceptibility display a decreasing trend from northwest to southeast, which mainly caused by the city's function zoning, population density, traffic flux and environmental quality. The road dust samples of Tiexi District and the Old District have the highest magnetic susceptibility values, reflecting the serious environmental pollution that caused by high population density, heavy traffic flux and industrial activities. In East District, High-tech Development District and Southeast District the road dust magnetic susceptibility values are lower, indicating the better environmental condition. Moreover, due to the heavy traffic in the commercial centers and the freeway entrances, road dust magnetic susceptibility values are higher than those in surrounding areas. The magnetic susceptibility characteristics of road dust can intuitively reflect the pollution of the city.
  • 理论与方法研究
    . 2002, 22(3): 261-265.
    Baidu(12)
    依据1995~1999年广东省所辖21个城市科技人口数量增长率、城市人口数量增长率、耕地面积递减率、森林覆盖递减率、三废处理能力增长率、三废排放增长率、人平工资增长率、人均GDP增长率等指标统计资料,应用主成分分析法分析了广东城市人口、资源、环境和经济发展(PRED)系统的可持续发展过程,并从众多PRED系统因子中揭示出典型的敏感因子(主成分).同时,也为城市PRED系统可持续发展进程的分类提供新的依据.
  • 理论与方法研究
    MAI Shao-zhi, XU Song-jun, PAN Ying-jun
    . 2005, 25(4): 317-321.
    主要从湿地生态系统健康评价现状出发,阐述了PSR模型的概念及其内容,分析了其在湿地生态系统健康评价中的作用,并以PSR模型为基础提出了湿地生态系统健康评价的指标体系.PSR模型具有很强的因果关系,可作为湿地生态系统健康评价的指标分类体系,但它未能对所有指标进行严格的分类,有待于在实践中不断完善.
  • Original Paper
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2012, 32(04): 402-408.
    Baidu(2)
    Cities have always been the places where multi-functions aggromerate, and have witnessed the increasingly open and integrated development under the situation of globalization and informationalization, thus showing an increasing trend of diversification and differentiation. Mixed land use has been a common choice to address the trend and improve the level of urbanization. In this paper, the paths of the mixed land use of Chinese and foreign cities are summarized, and models and strategies of mixed land use are explored from the aspect of three spatial dimensions including urban district, community and building. Combined with the experience of the new urbanization practice in Guangdong Province, some ideas about people diversification, “white sites” reserved in developing district, “brownfield” referred in urban renewal, and “filling-type” development are presented, and the comprehensive development strategies of TOD plus SOD and EOD are put forward for exploring the possible ways to optimize the urban land use, enhance the vitality of public spaces and promote pluralistic inclusive development.
  • 理论与方法研究
    REN Hai
    . 2005, 25(3): 195-200.
    Baidu(41)
    喀斯特石漠化一般经历顶极植被-灌草丛-石漠等3个阶段.在这一退化过程中喀斯特石漠化对环境的选择性导致喜Ca、耐旱和岩生性的植物生存,而生物量的移出和耐荫树种消退是退化的关键因素.退化过程中植被、土壤理化性质与环境形成正反馈关系,并具有退化方向上的一致性、退化过程的非同步性和退化速度的非线性等特点.喀斯特植被恢复时,其恢复对策经历了由早期更新对策向中期结构调整对策直至后期结构功能协调完善对策更替.喀斯特生态系统恢复的技术包括自然恢复、人工恢复与复合农林业综合治理技术.喀斯特区域恢复的核心是整体人地系统的生态
  • ZHAO Huanting,WANG Lirong,YUAN Jiayi
    TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY. 2017, 37(5): 659-680. https://doi.org/10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002983
    Combined with the work of several generations of scientists from China who carried out scientific investigation in the South China Sea Islands in the past century, natural environment of the South China Sea Islands is comprehensively analyzed on the basis of regional geologic landforms, climate, marine hydrology, marine organism, terrestrial biota, soil, natural complex and natural regionalization. Natural resources of the South China Sea Islands are explained in detail, such as territorial resources, fishery resources, tourism resources, oil and gas resources, natural gases hydrates resources, terrestrial organism and water resources in lime-sand islets, port and navigational channel resources, and ocean-atmospheric energy resources. According to the natural endowment and importance of strategic position, suggestions about the scientific development of the South China Sea Islands are proposed. It is considered that the development of the South China Sea Islands should include tourism, fishery and aquaculture in lagoon of atoll, while more attention should be paid to the exploitation of ocean oil,gas and natural gases hydrates resources.
  • 区域发展研究
    YAO Hua-song, XU Xue-qiang, XUE De-sheng
    . 2008, 28(3): 259-264.
    Baidu(20)
    基于广州市典型区流动人口的问卷调查,对流动人口的人口属性、迁移、工作、经济状况特征及空间差异进行分析.研究发现,广州市流动人口中男性多于女性,年龄结构以中青年为主,已/未婚比例相当,文化程度以初中、高中为主,户籍来源以广东、湖南、广西、湖北、江西、河南、四川等7省区最多.迁移特征表现为来广州时间1月至1年居多,以赚钱为主要目的;来广州途径以亲戚朋友介绍为主.工作特征以工人居多,大都就业于私营企业,合同率很低,且工作变动频繁.经济状况表现为以中低收入为主,整体消费水平偏低.
  • Articles
    SONG Shu-long, LI Zhen
    . 2000, 20(2): 121-124.
    Baidu(19)
    城市植被是城市的绿色生命线,对改善和美化城市景观生态环境起着重要的作用.文中在分析广州市植被景观现状的基础之上,应用景观生态学原理,结合具体情况和考虑研究的可操作性,选取多样性指数、优势度、分离度和破碎度四个指标,从景观的类型多样性、格局多样性和斑块多样性三个方面,对广州市城市植被景观进行多样性分析.结果表明,随着人类活动的加强,城市植被景观类型多样性降低,景观类型趋于单一;景观斑块多样性增大,嵌块体形状更趋复杂;景观格局复杂化,结构不稳定性提高,自我组织调节能力削弱.最后,对城市绿地景观的改善提出若干建
  • Original Articles
    TAN Xiaohong, YUAN Qifeng, Lü Bin
    journal1. 2012, 32(6): 618-625.
    The paper studies the villagers’ participation in the process of reconstruction of Urban Villages through a case study of Liede Village which is the first urban village to be reconstructed in Guangzhou. The authors empirically investigate the organization and participation of the villagers in the whole process of reconstruction of the village,and make conclusions on the villagers’ participation and analysis from the perspective of New Institution Economics. It is found that there exists serious imbalance of information between the Village Committee and normal villagers, and the normal villgers have seldom decision power. The normal villagers play a rather passive role of “being informed”.The main problem lies on the huge gap between the official institution arrangement and villagers’ demand and interest in participation in reconstruction of Liede Village. Therefore all kinds of informal participation means are created through internet and local network, and it directly leads to transition of institution. This article put forward some suggestions on the institution construction that would help to enhance the villagers’ participation according to the local resources, in order to promote the successful transition of the community governance.
  • 历史与文化地理
    CAI Xiao-mei, SITU Shang-ji
    . 2008, 28(2): 187-192.
    Baidu(10)
    壮、瑶、畲族是广东的世居少数民族,其饮食文化特质具有自身的独特性.壮族饮食结构以水稻为主,玉米、番薯和麦类为辅,副食品种包罗万象,饮料以酒为主;瑶族喜食糯米、山珍野味和油茶;畲族以玉米、番薯等五谷杂粮为主食,喜食黄米粿,喜饮三道茶.少数民族饮食文化随着经济的发展、地理环境的改变、社会文化的进步,某些饮食文化特质慢慢消失,但却通过一些隐性或显性的形式反映在作为强势的广府、潮汕、客家三大汉族饮食文化民系上.广东少数民族饮食文化和三大汉民系饮食文化相互影响,彼此交融,异中有同,同中有异,融而不合,各自又保留着原
  • 论文
    ZHANG Guixia
    . 2011, 31(5): 526-530.
    Baidu(1)
    采用加拿大2006年人口普查资料,结合旅居加国的经历,统计分析了加拿大老年人口的发展趋势和现状.分析显示:加拿大老年人口前期(1921-1981年)增长慢,后期(2001—2006年)增长快,老年人口数量中,女性比男性多,寿命比男性长,老年人口分布集中在安大略省;人口老龄化发展过程给社会带来了一系列问题,老龄化使政府和企业的养老负担日益加重,瞻养率大幅度下降,政府每年支付养老金及医疗费用的数量增加,导致劳动力市场压力增大,劳动资源不足.文中还介绍了人口专家为解决加国人口老龄化问题所提出的建议和对策,以及加
  • 地球信息科学与应用
    YU Yang, ZHEN Feng
    . 2009, 29(6): 561-566.
    Baidu(10)
    引入Google Earth软件,讨论了一种快速、免费、便捷的研究城市人口密度的方法,该思路与方法在缺乏基础资料(如城市地形图、研究区域人口等数据)时能够作为一种有效的分析手段.文中通过获取各类地物信息,将士地利用、道路、建筑物等因素与人口密度建立起对应关系,绘制出研究区域的人口密度分布图,并对人口密度进行分析.此外,根据城市人口分布现状,提出人口引导控制区概念,为城市规划建设、环境保护等提供参考.
  • 理论与方法研究
    . 2004, 24(4): 337-340,345.
    Baidu(13)
    从吸附、渗漏、光降解和生物降解等迁移转化途径入手,总结了多氯联苯(PCBs)、多环芳烃(PAHs)和多氯代二恶英(PCDDs/PCDFs)等难降解有机污染物在土壤中迁移、转化的研究进展,结合土壤污染发展的特点,把大气-水-土壤-生物作为一个有机整体来研究难降解有机污染物在不同环境界面上的迁移、转化规律是今后土壤中难降解有机污染物迁移转化的研究方向,加强污染物之间相互作用机理的研究和提高土壤中难降解有机污染物的降解速率与深度是需要进一步解决的关键问题.