TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 456-462.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002724

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Beijing’s Spatial Structure in 1920’s:A Study of the Beijing’s Place Names in LuXun’s Diary

ZHOU Shangyi,ZHANG Leyi   

  1. (School of Geography,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)
  • Online:2015-07-03 Published:2015-07-03

Abstract:

China has started the second survey of place names. One of the tasks is investigation of the culture of place names, which has six functions. One function is showing the spatial structure of settlements in history. This is the first aim of this paper. The second aim of this paper is finding the subjectivity of place names when elites lived in a city and used the place names. That shows the social structure of a city in eyes of elites. This paper shows the statistic of place names in LuXun’ s Diary, which were the places had been or stayed by LuXun from 1912 to 1926, when he lived in Beijing. The series of place names give us a spatial structure of Beijing in that time. This paper highlights the subjective image of Beijing in the eyes of LuXun. This is different from the way to find city’ s structure by historical maps, which is hard to find the real maker of a map. The conclusions are as follows. Firstly, many meaningless place names mentioned by LuXun in his dairy can get their meanings when people look at them in a whole. Their series can be regarded as a cultural heritage, which shows the cultural identity of Chinese intellectuals by LuXun’ s case. Secondly, LuXun took “area” as the most important element to understand the urban structure. In his view, path, border, node and landmark were the second level to percept Beijing.

Key words: place name, Beijing, LuXun, urban spatial structure