TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 122-131.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002795

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Progress in Domestic and Foreign Study on Spatial Layout of Public Service Facilities

CHENG Shunqia,b,QI Xinhuaa,b,c,JIN Xingxinga,b,LI Damoua,b,LIN Hanb   

  1. (a.State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Mountain Ecology;b.School of Geographical Sciences;c.Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350007,China)
  • Online:2016-01-05 Published:2016-01-05

Abstract: One of the important reasons for the recent divergence in and outside our country is the gap among the levels of public service. As the carriers of the public service, the scientific and effective space layout of public service facilities is significant to realize the equalization of public service. This paper is a review of public service facilities spatial layout research at home and abroad. According to the time sequence, we discuss the progress in spatial layout studies from the research perspective, method and topics. The results show that: the theme of the foreign research experiences an evolution from layout pattern, space layout of the equality, and accessibility to spatial layout of the social differentiation and its formation mechanism; the perspective of foreign research develops from pure quantitative geography to multi-interdisciplinary subject crossing other subjects such as economics and sociology; the method develops from model establishment to integration of GIS and other methods. There exist significant gaps between the research in China and that in foreign countries. In China, the interdisciplinary mixture is insufficient. The methods are mainly derived from abroad on the whole. The theme of the study is narrow. We put forward some suggestions for future research: expand the connotation of accessibility and the connotation of fairness metrics to measure the equality, integrate multiple facilities layout based on the people-oriented idea, pay more attention to the promptness and variability of facilities, make full use of big data to carry out empirical research on small scale, realize equalization of public service facilities under the background of balancing the urban and rural areas.

Key words: public service facilities, spatial layout, evolution, equalization