TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 55-65.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002800

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Sustainable Development of the Coral Reefs in the South China Sea Islands

ZHAO Huanting1,3,WANG Lirong1,YUAN Jiayi2   

  1. (1.Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology,South China Sea Institute of Oceanology,CAS,Guangzhou 510301,China; 2.School of Earth Science and Geological Engineering,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China; 3.Collaborative Innovation Center for South China Sea Research,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China)
  • Online:2016-01-05 Published:2016-01-05

Abstract: Coral reefs are the most productive and diverse of all marine ecosystems. In recent years, coral reefs are in degradation under the threats of natural events and human activities, such as climate change, sea-level rising, ocean acidification, over-fishing, sedimentation, contamination and regional development. How to protect coral reefs so that they can produce ecosystem goods and services sustainably to meet the needs of today and future is focused on in recent years. Related concepts and approaches of sustainable development of coral reefs are introduced in this paper. The potential of sustainable development of and the pressure faced by the coral reefs in the South China Sea Islands are also analyzed. Finally, several sustainable development methods for the coral reefs in the South China Sea Islands are proposed, such as MPA, ICZM, and EBM.

Key words: coral reefs, sustainable development, South China Sea Islands