TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 274-283.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002813

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Spatial Distribution and Mechanism Analysis of Exhibition Enterprises in Shanghai

ZHU Qijing1,WANG Ying1,YU Hu2,GE Lyulong3,LU Lin1   

  1. (1.School of Territorial Resources and Tourism,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241003,China;2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China;3.School of Urban and Environmental Science,Central China Normal University,Wuhan 430079,China)
  • Online:2016-03-31 Published:2016-03-31

Abstract: The exhibition industry has become an important part of modern urban service economy. With the data of 2 156 exhibition companies in Shanghai, the authors use ArcGIS spatial analysis to study the temporal evolution of the process of Shanghai exhibition industry, explore layout features of exhibition business from the perspective of industry chain, and finally explore the evolution mechanism. The result shows that: 1) Shanghai exhibition industry developed slowly and the differences of the spatial distribution gradually reduced before 2000. After 2002, differences increased and gathering trend strengthened; 2) Exhibition industry was mainly distributed in Huangpu and Jing’an Districts in 1992, single-center gathering was significant. In 2002 exhibition industry gathered along the west bank of the Huangpu River and gradually extended to both sides, forming an exhibition industry development axis where Shanghai government was the center and Xujiahui the sub-center. To the end of 2014, a multi-center cluster and expanded multi-axis network distribution pattern was presented; 3) The mean value center of Shanghai exhibition industry chain was located in Xuhui District, which is the sub-center of Shanghai, and Huangpu District, the downtown area of the city, its spatial distribution was of a positive spatial agglomeration. The space gathering trend of downstream exhibition services companies was more obvious; 4) The evolution of spatial pattern of Shanghai exhibition industry was influenced by many factors such as regional development strategies and policies, urban transport and exhibition facilities, transformation of urban functions and industrial restructuring, as well as major festival issues.

Key words: exhibition industry, spatial distribution, evolution, evolutionary mechanism, Shanghai