TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 166-173.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002814

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Historical Stratum Accumulation and Mechanism of Cultural Landscapes in Confucius’ Hometown

TANG Shunying1a,ZHOU Shangyi2,LIU Fengxiang1b   

  1. (1.a.School of Tourism;b.School of Marxism,Qingdao University,Qingdao 266071,China; 2.School of Geography,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)
  • Online:2016-03-31 Published:2016-03-31

Abstract: Qufu is a famous historic city in China, which is known as “Hometown of Confucius”, “Eastern Holy City”, and “Birthplace of Confucian Culture”. The landscape pattern of Qufu is the result of history. Why have some landscapes been reserved and left increasingly significant impact while some others have fallen into oblivion? What is the operating mechanism behind such a phenomenon? This paper will explore answers to these questions on the basis of historical relics, historical documents, and planning information. The following conclusions will be drawn. First, identity to Confucianism by officials was the main cause of stratum accumulation construction of Qufu’s cultural landscapes. In the history, as rulers utilized Confucianism as a governance instrument, the government would create the peak of landscapes construction in Qufu through investment, thus making the landscapes serve the political culture of the country. Therefore, landscapes related Confucius have been constantly strengthened while other cultural landscapes have been ignored intentionally or unintentionally and even disappeared. Second, at present, the government invests in the Qufu’s landscapes for the purpose of showcasing Chinese culture to the outside world and developing tourism. The landscapes of Qufu were labelled as Confucius and Confucianism, which constrain the possibility of other type of landscapes.

Key words: cultural landscapes, historical stratum accumulation, mechanism, Confucius, Qufu