TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 1026-1033.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002904

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Estimation of Value-Added in Provincial Exports and Its Impact on Industrial Structure

LI Fangyi1 ,LIU Sijia1,TANG Zhipeng2   

  1. (1.School of Management,Hefei University of Technology,Hefei 230009,China;2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research/Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China)
  • Received:2015-12-02 Online:2016-11-05 Published:2016-11-05

Abstract:

There are significant differences existing among regions of China in terms of trade scale, trade structure and value-added in trade. With the development goals of economic development pattern transformation and innovation-driven strategy, studying the impact of provincial export on industrial structure has important theoretical meaning to optimize the regional trade structure and promote the pattern transformation. Value-added in exports of each province in China was calculated based on China's non-competitive multi-regional input-output table of 2010 in this study. Based on Exports Promotion Index, Industrial structure of value-added in exports was analyzed and compared with that at national and regional scale to assess its impact on industrial structure. The results showed that, significant differences existed in the impact of value-added in provincial exports on national industrial structure. According to the impact of value-added in exports on industrial structure, regions were divided into four types, i.e., resource-based region, technology-leading region, service-promotion region and export-starting region. The first three kinds of region promoted the percentage of resource-intensive, technology-intensive and service industry in GDP, respectively, which reflected that the resource-based region exports might hinder the transformation and upgrading of national industrial structure, and even deepen the path dependence on resource consumption, while technology-leading region and service-promotion region exports would be conducive to the transformation and upgrading of national industrial structure. However, the fourth type region showed limited impact on national industrial structure. At the provincial scale, regions were divided into six types according to the positive or negative impacts of value-added in exports on resource-intensive industry, technology-intensive industry and service industry. The first three types of regions promoted the three types of industries in regional GDP, but the last three types of regions showed the opposite effects. Value-added in exports of underdeveloped regions promoted their industrial structure upgrading. In contrast, value-added in exports of developed regions needed upgrading, because it promoted resource-intensive industry and technology-intensive industry but hindered service industry in regional GDP. Especially in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and other economically developed regions, the value-added in exports of service industry was still low, which was not conductive to regional economic transformation and upgrading. The value-added structure needed to be further optimized. Suggestions to promote and improve value-added in regional exports were proposed. Firstly, building the global important advanced manufacturing base, encouraging domestic enterprises for independent innovation, extending processing trade chain that would make the processing trade develop from shallow processing to deep processing and from labor-intensive to knowledge- and technology-intensive, and finally promoting manufacturing to upgrade in eastern coastal provinces; Secondly, attaching great importance to introduce and use foreign technology, human resources and intangible assets management experience, promoting the precious experience of free trade area, attracting international high-end service business investment and operations, pushing local service industry towards high-end and internationalization to construct global or regional trade and financial center in the eastern megacities and expand services export; Moreover, further reducing the export trade costs in central and western regions and promoting the trade structure diversification. And firmly grasping the historical opportunity of “The Belt and Road” strategy implementation to strengthen international cooperation, expand international freight routes, simplify customs clearance procedures and improve extroverted degree of inland provinces.

Key words: multi-regional input-output table, value added in exports, industrial structure, regional difference