TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 112-119.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002978

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Regional Distribution and Its Evolution Trend of Export Induced Value-added within China

LI Fangyi,CHENG Ying,BAI Yu   

  1. (School of Management,Hefei University of Technology,Hefei 230009,China)
  • Online:2018-01-05 Published:2018-01-05

Abstract: Since entering the WTO, China’s growing export has led to a large number of domestic value-added in different regions, close to 70% of which has been created in coastal provinces. With the improvement of the central and western regions’ economy and openness, a question arises: has China’s export induced value-added from inland regions become more important? The answer to this question can serve as a reference for regions to participate in the global value chain and informs trade policy decisions. In this paper, China’s export induced value-added from eight regions were calculated by using China's noncompetitive interregional input-output tables for 2002, 2007 and 2010. A regional pattern evolution of export induced value-added and its contribution to regional economics was analyzed. The results show that with the growth of export trade volume, the scale of export induced value-added was also growing rapidly, which in 2010 reached 2.7 times in 2002, and the contribution rate to GDP reached 19.4%. The difference of absolute scales in different regions was very significant. Coastal regions, especially the eastern and southern coastal regions, produced the highest value-added by export, the sum of the two in 2010 accounted for 53.0% of the country’s total. A trend in the evolution revealed that the export induced value-added grew more rapidly in the central and western regions, where its proportion increased from 14.6% in 2002 to 23.2% in 2010. Under the influence of regional development policy and the change in factor costs, growth in the labor and technology intensive industries was rapid in the central and southwestern regions, while resources and labor intensive industries were minimal in the eastern and southern coastal regions. In the trend that the labor costs continue to rise, increasing resource constraints, China must turn to a new mode of development, characterized by low resource consumption and low waste emission. All regions need to improve the export induced value-added structure, to achieve quality and efficiency improvement in export trade and regional economy. First, regions should improve the proportion of products and service of high-quality and high value-added, and promote industry chain export with products, technology and service. Second, regions need to reduce export costs, develop new markets, and expand trade scale through construction of new international trade channel. Third, regions have to continue to promote regional economic integration by strengthening and expanding regional cooperation. It will introduce technology and capital to the central and western regions from coastal regions, and lead the central and western regions to participate deeply in the global value chain.

Key words: interregional input-output table, export induced value-added, regional distribution, industrial structure