TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 762-774.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003017

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The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area:A New Era and a Big Challenge

MA Xiangming,CHEN Yang   

  1. (Guangdong Urban & Rural Planning and Design Institute,Guangzhou 510290,China)
  • Online:2017-11-05 Published:2017-11-05

Abstract: Since the establishment of the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macao, the cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao has been the foundation of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) regional development. In 2015, the World Bank reported that the PRD had been the largest urban agglomeration in East Asia. The data analysis reveals that, behind the chaotic and uninterrupted urban landscape, the industrial sectors and urban functions have showed signs of coordination among cities in the PRD. The rise of Guangzhou and Shenzhen as the two diverse core cities of the region, has led the urban agglomeration to be more mature. However, the division of labor between the PRD and Hong Kong and Macao is from clear to vague. The economic relationship between Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta is no longer an obvious Win-win relationship as it used to be. The crossing bay area infrastructure construction and globalization shifting are reshaping the urban agglomeration in the Pearl River Delta. In 2017, Premier Li Keqiang formally proposed the construction of the Guangdong- Hong Kong- Macao Greater Bay Area at the NPC’s annual conference, marking the cooperation of the three parts has become the national agenda and come into a totally new scope—spatial cooperation. This scale of spatial cooperation will help to reduce the drawbacks of being multi-center urban cluster in the Pearl River Delta, and to promote the sharing of opportunities between cities and it will be significant to the regional innovation network of PRD. The development of the Greater Bay Area will reduce the spatial distance between cities and increase the efficiency of inter-city cooperation in a multi-center Pearl River Delta. And the development of the Bay Area will change the way in which China's urban public service allocation is determined by the rank,providing high quality spaces for the peripheral places in the Bay Area, which are outside the city downtown. This high accessibility, high quality and relatively low cost spaces will be very conducive to the formation of regional innovation corridor. However, from the perspective of the relationship between production and consumers in the knowledge-based economy, the unsuccessful transformation of Hong Kong's industries in the new century shows the role of Lefebvre’s social space in this process. In the past, the institutional relationship between Hong Kong and the West made it into the gateway between China and the West. After the reunification, the West regarded Hong Kong as a Chinese city, and in China it is outside the system. The vagueness of the social space leads to contradictions in the space practice in Hong Kong. Therefore, the reshaping of the relational geography is a new challenge to the future development in the Guangdong- Hong Kong- Macao Greater Bay Area.

Key words: the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, urban pattern of the Bay Area, regional cooperation, reshaping of the relational geography