TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 405-412.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003037

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Paths to Rural Governance Based on Cultural Identity and Participatory Capacity: A Social Practice of a Village in East Hubei

YAO Huasong1,HUANG Gengzhi2,FENG Shanfu3,CHEN Zaiqi4,GUO Yan5   

  1. (1.Guangzhou Developmental Academy,Guangzhou University,Guangzhou 510405,China;2.Guangzhou Institute of Geography,Guangzhou 510070,China;3.Skytech Union Inc,Guangzhou 510730,China;4.Macroeconomics Research Institute,Guangdong Academy of Social Sciences, Guangzhou 510635,China;5.School of Urban Design,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072,China)
  • Online:2018-05-05 Published:2018-05-05

Abstract: Facing globalization, urbanization and modernization, rural China witnessed unprecedented deconstruction and reconstruction, which were especially characterized by gradual vanishment of cultural identity as a whole family of a village. As a result, cultural bases of rural governance could be destroyed. At the same time, under rapid urbanization, ‘hollowing-out’ of China’s countries was very universal, which was driven by going-out of lots of young laborers and staying of relatively weak villagers. As a result, Chinese villagers were confronted with great difficulties in deep engagement in the process of rural development and governance, which caused structural problems such as absence of main bodies, inefficiencies of rural governance during the rural development and rural governance. According to the theories of cultural identity and participatory capacity, focusing on cultivation of dominant role of rural governance, and promotion of participatory capacity, this paper made a case study of FX village in East Hubei, implemented activities of rural forum, filial piety and long table dinner, etc, tried to explore the possible paths to move forward rural governance in China. Our experiments figured out that, firstly, the establishment of cultural identity and sense of belonging based on “community” was the preconditions and foundation of rural governance. Secondly, to root rural publicity, to stimulate the villagers’ expression and willingness to participate in rural development, and to enhance the ability of villagers to deliberate, were the essence and key of rural governance in China. Finally, the paper put forward some enlightenments for the current rural (village) planning: 1) The core topic of rural (village) planning was community, community relations and community competence; 2) Rural (village) planning could not follow the city (town) planning; 3) Rural (village) planning should have fully respect for rural local knowledge; 4) Social planning was more important than physical planning in the planning of rural areas; 5) Qualitative analysis and qualitative thinking were vitally important.

Key words: rural governance, cultural identity, participatory capacity