TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 741-750.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003081

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A Visual Analysis on the Urban Open Spaces: With an Eye-tracking Experiment on the Case Study of the Flower City Square, Guangzhou

WANG Min1, WANG Yingxu2, HUANG Haiyan3, TIAN Yinsheng3   

  1. (1. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China; 2. School of Architecture, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China; 3. Gold Mantis School of Architecture, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China)
  • Online:2018-11-30 Published:2018-11-30


Based on the case of the Flower City Square in Guangzhou, this research is dedicated to analyze the spatial perception of the Square through the visual methodologies of cognitive map, photo shooting and eye-tracking experiment. The research results are as follows: 1) Through the analysis of the cognitive map and the data of eye-tracking experiment, the consistency of elements appeared in the cognitive map with high frequency and the elements that attract the participants in the eye-tracking experiment can be found. In this case, it can also be found that the buildings, boundaries, places and areas of the Flower City Square were the most interesting factors for participants, which had a shorter first fixation time in eye-tracking experiments and appeared more frequently in cognitive maps; 2) By analyzing the hotspot graph of fixation point and time, some suggestions on urban planning and design can be proposed: the reasonable combination of buildings, structures, installations and sites should be emphasized during the process of city open space planning, and more attention should be paid to spatial hierarchy, space order and place construction. In addition, the use of neuroscience research methods such as photography and eye-tracking experiments can provide new prospective for public participation in urban open space planning and design.

Key words: urban open space, visual research, eye-tracking, cognitive map, the image of the city, the Flower City Square