Tropical Geography ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 635-646.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003185

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From the Pearl River Delta to the Greater Pearl River Delta and to the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area: State Rescaling in Post-reform China

Xu Zhihua1, Liu Yungang2(), Hu Guohua3   

  1. 1. Advanced Institute for Contemporary China Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
    2. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    3. Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China
  • Received:2019-08-25 Revised:2019-09-24 Online:2019-09-10 Published:2019-11-08
  • Contact: Liu Yungang E-mail:ygliu@scnu.edu.cn

Abstract:

Rescaling is a tool to explain the participation of territorial organizations, such as nation-states and cities, in global competition. Considering the cross-border cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macao since the reform and opening up in South China as an example, this study draws on the research methods of the Actor-Network Theory to analyze the rescaling process of the three “new state spaces,” including the Pearl River Delta, the Greater Pearl River Delta, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and reveals the political and economic logic of the state rescaling of China. It was found that the power and resources of the actor determine its position in the scale network and that the formation of China’s “New State Space” is primarily driven by the central government, with decisive importance being the development goal. Other actors, such as the Hong Kong and Macao SAR governments, the local governments of the Guangdong Province, township enterprises, and multinational corporations, have combined their development goals with that of the central government to form an “Obligatory Passage Point”. Throughout the three-stage evolution process, the importance of institutional factors has become increasingly prominent.

Key words: the Pearl River Delta, the Greater Pearl River Delta, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, rescaling, Actor-Network Theory, Obligatory Passage Point

CLC Number: 

  • F127