Tropical Geography ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 27-39.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003204

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Strategic Thinking Regarding Building an International Science and Technology Innovation Center in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Ye Yuyao1,2, Wang Jingshi1, Wu Kangmin1,2, Du Zhiwei1, Wang Yang1, He Shuyi1, Liu Zhengqian1   

  1. 1. a. Guangzhou Institute of Geography; b. Guangdong Public Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou 510070, China
    2. Institute of Strategy Research for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Guangzhou 510070, China
  • Received:2019-10-22 Revised:2019-12-10 Online:2020-01-10 Published:2020-02-24

Abstract:

As capital’s pursuit of knowledge has become an increasingly significant global trend, scientific and technological innovations have gradually replaced the development mode of factor-driven and resource consumption, supporting as the driving force of economic development in the new era by influencing the industry transformation and promoting new formats, along with fundamentally guiding the transformation of the leading functions of cities or regions toward scientific and technological innovation. Furthermore, the economic competition among cities or regions around the world is more prominently manifested in the competition of science and technology. As the embodiment and core support of a country’s comprehensive scientific and technological strengths, a scientific and technological innovation center could play a significant value-added role by occupying a leading, dominant position in the global value grid. This is an important measure for many countries and regions to cope with the challenges of each new round of scientific and technological innovations. Moreover, it also enhances national competitiveness. Based on the discussion of global innovation patterns and trends, as well as the interpretation of the connotation and characteristics of international technology innovation centers, this paper analyzes the advantages and challenges that the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area might face in constructing a global technology innovation center, and some strategies are suggested for the future development. At present, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area are in a period of entering knowledge economy as a whole, wherein innovation elements are highly concentrated geographically, and innovation ecological conditions are constantly improved. The impact of innovation globalization is emerging in this region, and the demand for innovation is as strong as the manufacturing industry foundation within this area. The basic conditions for the construction of an international science and technology innovation center are sufficient. However, owing to institutional obstacles in integrating Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and the huge intra-regional gap, some practical challenges in innovation development of this region still exist, such as the disconnection of innovation elements, the unsmooth internal flow of innovation elements, the difficulty of system-mechanism transformation, and the dilemma of relying on importation of core technologies. To take benefit from the favorable characteristics of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and mitigate any inherent shortcoming, the construction should be based on the establishing of a hotbed of international industrial innovation. In the meantime, this region should choose the construction of an international industrial science and technology innovation center as its core priority. This will accelerate institutional innovation and consider the construction of collaborative innovation demonstration zone as the key to breakthrough. Boost industrial innovation by enhancing the ability of original innovation, promote collaborative innovation by institutional reform, and finally realize the coordinated and integrated development of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area’s innovation.

Key words: Global Science and Technology Innovation Center, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, technological innovation, collaborative innovation

CLC Number: 

  • F127