Tropical Geography ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 765-774.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003278

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Rural Spatial Restructuring: Theoretical Research Progress and Framework Construction

Lixia Jin1,2(), Zhimin Wen1,3(), Jianhong Fan3, Zhiwei Du1,2   

  1. 1.Guangzhou Institute of Geography//Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou 510070, China
    2.The Southern Ocean Science and Engineering Laboratory of Guangdong Province (Guangzhou), Guangzhou 511458, China
    3.School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510090, China
  • Received:2019-08-14 Revised:2020-06-19 Online:2020-09-28 Published:2020-10-10
  • Contact: Zhimin Wen E-mail:jlx906@163.com;752440747@qq.com

Abstract:

Against the background of urban-rural integration and the increasingly complex human-land relationship in rural areas, rural spatial restructuring has emerged as an important subject in rural geography. This article preliminarily defines the connotation of rural spatial restructuring. It examines and reviews the theoretical research progress in the field of western post-productionism, domestic rural territorial system, and political economy. In addition, the article also constructs a multi-perspective, multi-element, multi-theoretical framework of rural spatial restructuring. The research shows that first, in the context of western "post-productivism," as the study of the rural spatial restructuring begins to demonstrate the consumption, social-cultural and post-modern turns, the research on multi-function, global rural transformation, and spatial reconstructing becomes the focus area. Second, based on the territorial system of human-environment interaction of rural geography, domestic research emphasizes the process-mechanism-regulation of rural spatial reconstructing and farmers' economic spatial behavior from the micro perspective. Third, accompanied by land capitalization and the increasing importance of rural labor mobility, rural spatial reconstructing presents the Chinese characteristics of top-down political and economic transformation and focuses on the space-power relationship between rural collective organizations and other subjects, such as governments, enterprises, individuals, etc. This has become an important perspective of rural spatial reconstructing. Fourth, the political and economic geography and "social-spatial" dual dialectics provide good research paradigms and methods. Moreover, the theoretical study of rural space reconstructing should systematically integrate political and economic theories (spatial production, subject initiative, land capitalization, social relation network, the territorial system of human-land interaction, and peasant household geography) and strengthen the studies on multi-factor interactions and their spatial response mechanisms (nature, economy, society, and culture). To achieve this, the formation and evolution of rural spatial pattern with multi elements and multi dimensions, rural social spatial reproduction, rural labor spatial production from the perspective of initiative, government policy system, and finally, the innovation of urban and rural spatial governance system should be emphasized.

Key words: rural spatial restructuring, rural territorial system, the territorial system of human-environment interaction, political economic geography

CLC Number: 

  • F323