Tropical Geography ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 1117-1126.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003295

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Economic Growth Effect and Influence Path of International Tourism Island Construction: An Empirical Analysis Based on Hainan

Gandi Lai(), Yingwu Zhang()   

  1. School of Economics, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
  • Received:2020-10-16 Revised:2020-11-20 Online:2020-11-30 Published:2020-12-10
  • Contact: Yingwu Zhang E-mail:laigandi_ss@126.com;zhangyingwu_06@hainanu.edu.cn

Abstract:

In the backdrop of slow growth in traditional industries, the marine economy has gradually become a new bright spot for economic and social development in various countries. As a new institutional model of island development and island economic development in China, "international tourism island construction" bears the important responsibility of promoting the coordinated development of regional economy and the marine development strategy. The existing research on the economic development of China's islands focuses on the development strategies that include: "what an international tourism island is" and "how to build an international tourism island." Few empirical studies focus on the specific preferential policies such as tax exemption for outlying islands, and there is no systematic study on the economic growth effect of the construction of international tourism islands. This leaves many questions unanswered regarding the economic development system model of international tourism island construction. Using the policy practice of Hainan Province in 2010 as a natural experiment, based on the provincial panel data of China's mainland from 1996 to 2017, the economic growth effect of the construction of the international tourism island is measured using the synthetic control method, and its influence path is analyzed. The results showed that: 1) the synthetic control method can well fit the economic growth path of Hainan Province before the implementation of the construction of international tourism island, and they confirmed that the construction of the international tourism island can effectively promote the economic growth of the Hainan area; 2) the construction of the international tourism island, indeed, promotes the economic growth of Hainan through the consumption and investment path on the demand side, and the tertiary industry development path on the supply side; 3) the net export and the secondary sectors of the construction industry are not the influence paths of Hainan International Tourism Island construction to promote local economic growth. This shows that the institutional model of promoting the economic development of the island area through the construction of the international tourism island conforms to the development principle of China's construction of a new pattern of domestic circulation dominated by domestic and international mutual promotion, and strongly refutes the misconception that the construction of the Hainan International Tourism Island is failing to promote internationalization, or that the Hainan International Tourism Island construction relies on real estate to develop the economy. This paper identifies the economic growth effect and influence path of Hainan International Tourism Island construction, makes up for the lack of quantitative analysis of international tourism island construction research, and, based on the empirical results, puts forward policy suggestions to improve the construction of an international tourism island and an institutional model experience that can be replicated and promoted in other island areas to serve the economic development of China's islands and the strategic practice of maritime power.

Key words: international tourism island, economic effect, influence path, synthesis control method, Hainan

CLC Number: 

  • F127