Tropical Geography ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 1073-1095.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003392

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Evolution of Tourism Development Modes and the Themed- Converged Development of Karst Landscapes

Yuelong Wei()   

  1. Institute of Karst Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences/Key Laboratory of Karst Dynamics, Ministry of Natural Resources & Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guilin 541004, China
  • Received:2020-08-24 Revised:2021-03-04 Online:2021-09-24 Published:2021-09-23


Based on landscape characteristics, regional development level, location conditions, public awareness, and management level, and others, we categorized thousands of karst landscape areas in China into four subtypes. These types include the following: famous attractions of karst tourism, classical destinations of karst tourism, new destinations of karst tourism, and new development areas of karst tourism. Then, using time as our theme, we researched the development modes of the tourism of karst landscapes in China over the past 70 years. To do so, we used inductive and analogical analysis. Our study found three main results. First, the main tourism development modes that have been introduced and that have acquired different implementation effects since 1950 are divided into nine types and thirty-eight species. Each have different respective requirements, thereby matching with different characteristics of various karst landscapes. Second, both different and the same types of karst landscape resource communities or areas often have multifarious tourism development modes. Multifarious tourism development modes have immense differences regarding the degree of importance, exploitation benefit, development tendency, among others. Conversely, the same tourism development mode may have different implementation effects, exploitation benefits, and development tendencies in the development of various karst landscape resource communities or areas. Third, we summarized two main types of development models (i.e., the characteristic and benefit-driven themeless-separated development and the characteristic and science-driven themed-converged development) and considered them to be the result of the karst tourism in special phases of development. The characteristic and benefit-driven themeless-separated development has played an important role in the development and prosperity of karst tourism. The characteristic and science-driven themed-converged development is a new development model comprising the resource community, scientific research, development, protection, management, and feedback, and would be the main trend of karst tourism development under the new situations. Finally, we explored the basic flow of the themed-converged development by using the system dynamics method. For this system dynamics method, resource community and its characteristics are its intrinsic motivation, scientific research is its outside motivation, protection, management, research(the anaphase),feedback, and so on are its operation systems which are derived from the motivation with theme as the soul.

Key words: karst landscape, karst tourism, resource community, development mode, characteristic and benefit-driven themeless-separated development, characteristic and science-driven themed-converged development

CLC Number: 

  • F592.7